Zweedse (en Vlaamse) pedagoochelaars gaven leerkrachten verkeerde onderwijsvisie mee - demonizing traditional teaching methods - en moeten zich verontschuldigen - ook voor de sterke niveaudaling in Zweden.
Commentaar Raf Feys.
Enkel in Zweden?
Ook in Vlaanderen verkondig(d)en veel universitaire lerarenopleiders en onderwijskundigen een nefaste onderwijsvisie. Jammer genoeg namen/nemen hun studenten die later lerarenopleider op een Normaalschool worden al te vaak deze visie over.
In de door minister Crevits aangekondigde hervorming van de lerarenopleiding en in de analyses van de lerarenopleidingen wordt dit grote knelpunt nooit vermeld. Het zijn immers universitaire pedagoochelaars als de Gentse onderwijskundige Martin Valcke die deze analyses opstellen.
(Enkel in Zweden?)
Standpunt van prof. Linderoth
We harmed Sweden's teachers and should apologize: prof Linderoth
With Sweden tumbling in international rankings, a generation of wrong-headed academics should apologize for undermining the role of teachers in the 1990s, says pedagogy professor Jonas Linderoth.
An aspect often overlooked when analyzing Swedens precipitous fall in the annual Pisa rankings is the active role taken by researchers two decades ago in demonizing traditional teaching methods, writesprof. Linderoth in newspaper Dagens Nyheter.
The age-old form of instruction, in which someone who knows something explains it to someone who doesnt, came to be associated with abuse of power and blind discipline, says the Gothenburg University professor.
Instead, a good teacher was supposed to support a pupils independent learning, classwork was to take the pupils natural motivation as its starting point, the boundaries between different subjects were to be dissolved, and the physical environment in a school was to be designed more to support a pupils own work than a teachers instruction.
As a result, he writes, the teachers traditional role was gradually dismantled, all under the watchful eyes of researchers, teacher trainers, civil servants, trade unions, and politicians.
But recent research has suggested that the ideas greeted with such enthusiasm back then stand in almost direct contradiction to what constitutes successful teaching methods.
Linderoth now believes that the innovators from the 1990s who ushered in such sweeping changes including himself should publicly apologize for the damage they have done.
An apology could help heal the deep fractures that emerged between more old-school teachers and a teacher-training regime that turned their world upside down.
It could rehabilitate teachers who managed to resist teaching trends that accentuate a teachers role as guide. It would allow teachers to once again view their own professional identity with pride in a historical perspective, he writes.
As a new school year starts the country is now grappling with the dual problem of qualified teachers leaving their jobs and empty spaces appearing in teacher-training colleges.
The situation is very worrying. Within a few years Swedish schools will lack thousands of qualified teachers, says Linderoth.