Algemene kritiek en in bijlage kritiek van leraren s.o .op gemeenschappelijke lagere cyclus s.o.: o.a. verwaarlozing van sterkere leerlingen, geen aangepast onderwijs in gemeenschappelijke lagere cyclus voor leerlingen die minder theoriegericht zijn. Dus:nivellerende gemeenschappelijke cyclus waarvan ook zwakke leerlingen de dupe zijn. Haaks op Vlaams Masterplan!
Uutiset Teacher: Finnish schools let down two-thirds of kids
A provocative new book by teacher Maarit Korhonen calls for urgent action in Finlands classrooms to stop children being marginalised by what she sees as outdated and uninspiring teaching. The outspoken Korhonen says Finlands high scores in the PISA international rankings have spread complacency among the educational establishment.
Two out of every three schoolchildren in Finland are being let down by an outdated system and uninspiring teaching.
That is one of the claims made in a provocative new book by primary-school teacher Maarit Korhonen, which challenges the widely-held belief that the Finnish education system is among the best in the world.
In Herää, koulu! (Wake up, school), Korhonen argues that Finlands consistently high performance in international PISA rankings, a test of problem-solving skills among 15-year-olds, has led to complacency among Finlands educational establishment, and has blinded teachers and decision-makers to the reality of teaching today.
What we are studying, its so old fashioned, Korhonen says. We have the same chapters in the science book that I used to have in the '60s. Same subjects in the same order. Nobody changes anything, but something has to change.
After 30 years in the classroom, Korhonens central argument is that education is throwing away the roughly two-thirds of schoolchildren who are not academically minded, or who do not learn from sitting down and reading a book, or who do not perform well in exams.
As a result, she claims, thousands of pupils are led to believe that they are not good at learning, putting them at risk of becoming marginalised and encountering serious problems later in life.
Korhonen also argues that Finnish schools let down another significant group of learners those who pick things up faster than average.
If you dont learn, there are several places you can go to have help. But if you are talented or gifted, theres nothing. And I cant understand how thats possible, Korhonen says.
Korhonens straight-talking attack on Finlands prized school system will come as a surprise to many who are familiar with the widely perpetuated idea that Finnish education is one of the most progressive and effective in the world, as evidenced by the countrys regular high scores in the international PISA study.
However PISAs detractors, Korhonen included, claim this one measure of educational success cannot possibly give a full picture. Korhonen insists that PISA does not give any indication of how well schools are inspiring children to fulfill their potential, or to think for themselves. As a result, she does not subscribe to the often-repeated idea that Finnish schools are world leaders.
I think the only thing we are best at is that the teacher still can keep the classes calm, the classes are mainly quiet when the teachers here so the kids are listening and learning, Korhonen says. But we dont teach them to discuss or express their own opinion, we teach them to keep quiet, and we are good at that, she adds.
Bijlage :kritiek Finse lleerkracchten op nivellerende lagere cyclus
Oxford- Prof. Jennifer Chung ( AN INVESTIGATION OF REASONS FOR FINLANDS SUCCESS IN PISA (University of Oxford 2008).
Many of the teachers mentioned the converse of the great strength of Finnish education de grote aandacht voor kinderen met leerproblemen) as the great weakness. Jukka S. (BM) believes that school does not provide enough challenges for intelligent students: I think my only concern is that we give lots of support to those pupils who are underachievers, and we dont give that much to the brightest pupils. I find it a problem, since I think, for the future of a whole nation, those pupils who are really the stars should be supported, given some more challenges, given some more difficulty in their exercises and so on. To not just spend their time here but to make some effort and have the idea to become something, no matter what field you are choosing, you must not only be talented like they are, but work hard. That is needed.
Pia (EL) feels that the schools do not motivate very intelligent students to work. She thinks the schools should provide more challenges for the academically talented students. In fact, she thinks the current school system in Finland does not provide well for its students. Mixed-ability classrooms, she feels, are worse than the previous selective system: I think this school is for nobody. That is my private opinion. Actually I think so, because when you have all these people at mixed levels in your class, then you have to concentrate on the ones who need the most help, of course. Those who are really good, they get lazy.
Pia believes these students become bored and lazy, and float through school with no study skills. Jonny (EM) describes how comprehensive education places the academically gifted at a disadvantage: We have lost a great possibility when we dont have the segregated levels of math and natural sciences
That should be once again taken back and started with. The good talents are now torturing themselves with not very interesting education and teaching in classes that arent for their best.
Pia (EL) finds the PISA frenzy about Finland amusing, since she believes the schools have declined in recent years: I think [the attention] is quite funny because school isnt as good as it used to be
I used to be proud of being a teacher and proud of this school, but I cant say I m proud any more.
Aino (BS) states that the evenness and equality of the education system has a dark side. Teaching to the middle student in a class of heterogeneous ability bores the gifted students, who commonly do not perform well in school. Maarit (DMS) finds teaching heterogeneous classrooms very difficult. She admits that dividing the students into ability levels would make the teaching easier, but worries that it may affect the self-esteem of the weaker worse than a more egalitarian system Similarly, Terttu (FMS) thinks that the class size is a detriment to the students learning. Even though Finnish schools have relatively small class sizes, she thinks that a group of twenty is too large, since she does not have time for all of the students: You dont have enough time for everyone
All children have to be in the same class. That is not so nice. You have the better pupils. I cant give them as much as I want. You have to go so slowly in the classroom. Curiously, Jukka E. (DL) thinks that the special education students need more support and the education system needs to improve in that area.
Miikka (FL) describes how he will give extra work to students who want to have more academic challenges, but admits that they can get quite good grades, excellent grades, by doing nothing actually, or very little. Miikka (FL) describes discussion in educational circles about creating schools and universities for academically talented students: 3 Everyone has the same chances
One problem is that it can be too easy for talented students. There has been now discussion in Finland if there should be schools and universities for talented students
I think it will happen, but I dont know if it is good, but it will happen, I think so. I am also afraid there will be private schools again in Finland in the future
[There] will be more rich people and more poor people, and then will come so [many] problems in comprehensive schools that some day quite soon
parents will demand that we should have private schools again, and that is quite sad.
Linda (AL), however, feels the love of reading has declined in the younger generation, as they tend to gravitate more to video games and television. Miikka (FL), also a teacher of mother tongue, also cites a decline in reading interest and an increase of video game and computer play. Saij a (BL) agrees. As a teacher of Finnish, she feels that she has difficulty motivating her students to learn: I think my subject is not the
easiest one to teach. They dont read so much, newspapers or novels. Her students, especially the boys, do not like their assignments in Finnish language. She also thinks the respect for teachers has declined in this past generation. Miikka (FL) also thinks his students do not respect their teachers: They dont respect the teachers. They respect them very little
I think it has changed a lot in recent years. In Helsinki, it was actually earlier. When I came here six years ago, I thought this was heaven. I thought it was incredible, how the children were like that after Helsinki, but now I think it is the same.
Linda (AL) notes deficiency in the amount of time available for subjects. With more time, she would implement more creative activities, such as speech and drama, into her lessons. Saij a (BL) also thinks that her students need more arts subjects like drama and art. She worries that they consider mathematics as the only important subject. Shefeels countries such as Sweden, Norway, and England have better arts programs than in Finnish schools. Arts subjects, according to Saij a, help the students get to know themselves. Maarit (DMS), a Finnish-speaker, thinks that schools need to spend more time cultivating social skills.