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    Onderwijskrant Vlaanderen
    Vernieuwen: ja, maar in continuïteit!
    04-01-2018
    Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.De curriculum -leerstofeisen recente curriculum ‘Common Core State Standards ‘ in de VS liggen veel hoger dan in Vlaanderen

    De curriculum -leerstofeisen  recente curriculum ‘Common Core State Standards ‘  in de VS liggen veel hoger dan in Vlaanderen 

    Een illustratie in deel 1 i.v.m.  lezen, woordenschat en schrijven in kleuter en leerjaar 1, 2 & 3  en een illustratie voorwiskunde in kleuteronderwijs en 1ste, 2de en 3de leerjaar

    Deel 1

    De eisen die aan de kleuters en leerlingen lager onderwijs gesteld worden in het Core Knowledge programma van Hirsch liggen veel veel hoger dan in Vlaanderen

    Core knowledge lezen (Hirsch) Einde kleuterchool, de kleuters kunen

    • ● Identify and decode words with advanced elements and multiple syllables, i

    • Identify an increasing number of words by sight

    • ● Spell previously studied, phonetically regular words accurately, and use strategies to spell unfamiliar words

    • ● Read grade-level texts with expression and sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

    • ● Learn unfamiliar words introduced in text and through instruction, and use them in speaking and writing

    • ● Retell the main idea and correct sequence of events, and ask and answer questions about them, including questions about key details, central message, characters, settings and events

    About CKLA™

    Core Knowledge Language Arts®, for grades PreK-5, offers educators a proven approach for building strong readers and ensuring that students are prepared for the transition from learning to read to reading to learn.

    The curriculum instills both background knowledge and foundational skills through two instructional strands for grades K-2 that integrate into a single strand in grades 3-5. Using both print and digital resources, CKLA™ provides:

    Carefully sequenced background knowledge in social studies, science, literature and the arts to build vocabulary and comprehension.

     

    Deel 2

    Common Core State Standards  : wiskunde in kleuter en onderbouw lager onderwijs

    1.Kindergarten/kleuteronderwijs (Verenigde Staten)

    Kindergarten » Introduction

    In Kindergarten, instructional time should focus on two critical areas: (1) representing and comparing whole numbers, initially with sets of objects; (2) describing shapes and space. More learning time in Kindergarten should be devoted to number than to other topics.

    Students use numbers, including written numerals, to represent quantities and to solve quantitative problems, such as counting objects in a set; counting out a given number of objects; comparing sets or numerals; and modeling simple joining and separating situations with sets of objects, or eventually with equations such as 5 + 2 = 7 and 7 – 2 = 5. (Kindergarten students should see addition and subtraction equations, and student writing of equations in kindergarten is encouraged, but it is not required.)

    Students choose, combine, and apply effective strategies for answering quantitative questions, including quickly recognizing the cardinalities of small sets of objects, counting and producing sets of given sizes, counting the number of objects in combined sets, or counting the number of objects that remain in a set after some are taken away.

    Students describe their physical world using geometric ideas (e.g., shape, orientation, spatial relations) and vocabulary. They identify, name, and describe basic two-dimensional shapes, such as squares, triangles, circles, rectangles, and hexagons, presented in a variety of ways (e.g., with different sizes and orientations), as well as three-dimensional shapes such as cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres. They use basic shapes and spatial reasoning to model objects in their environment and to construct more complex shapes.

    Number and Operations in Base Ten Work with numbers 11-19 to gain foundations for place value.

    Measurement and Data Describe and compare measurable attributes. Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category

    Geometry Identify and describe shapes. Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes.

    Mathematical Practices Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------

    Eerste leerjaar

    In Grade 1, instructional time should focus on four critical areas: (1) developing understanding of addition, subtraction, and strategies for addition and subtraction within 20; (2) developing understanding of whole number relationships and place value, including grouping in tens and ones; (3) developing understanding of linear measurement and measuring lengths as iterating length units; and (4) reasoning about attributes of, and composing and decomposing geometric shapes.

    Students develop strategies for adding and subtracting whole numbers based on their prior work with small numbers. They use a variety of models, including discrete objects and length-based models (e.g., cubes connected to form lengths), to model add-to, take-from, put-together, take-apart, and compare situations to develop meaning for the operations of addition and subtraction, and to develop strategies to solve arithmetic problems with these operations. Students understand connections between counting and addition and subtraction (e.g., adding two is the same as counting on two). They use properties of addition to add whole numbers and to create and use increasingly sophisticated strategies based on these properties (e.g., “making tens”) to solve addition and subtraction problems within 20. By comparing a variety of solution strategies, children build their understanding of the relationship between addition and subtraction.

    Students develop, discuss, and use efficient, accurate, and generalizable methods to add within 100 and subtract multiples of 10. They compare whole numbers (at least to 100) to develop understanding of and solve problems involving their relative sizes. They think of whole numbers between 10 and 100 in terms of tens and ones (especially recognizing the numbers 11 to 19 as composed of a ten and some ones). Through activities that build number sense, they understand the order of the counting numbers and their relative magnitudes.

    Students develop an understanding of the meaning and processes of measurement, including underlying concepts such as iterating (the mental activity of building up the length of an object with equal-sized units) and the transitivity principle for indirect measurement.1

     Students compose and decompose plane or solid figures (e.g., put two triangles together to make a quadrilateral) and build understanding of part-whole relationships as well as the properties of the original and composite shapes. As they combine shapes, they recognize them from different perspectives and orientations, describe their geometric attributes, and determine how they are alike and different, to develop the background for measurement and for initial understandings of properties such as congruence and symmetry.

    Eerste leerjaar » Number & Operations in Base Ten

     Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read and write numerals and represent a number of objects with a written numeral.

    Understand place value.Understand that the two digits of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones. Understand the following as special cases:The numbers from 11 to 19 are composed of a ten and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones.

    The numbers 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 refer to one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine tens (and 0 ones).

    Compare two two-digit numbers based on meanings of the tens and ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, and <.

    Use place value understanding and properties of operations to add and subtract.

    Add within 100, including adding a two-digit number and a one-digit number, and adding a two-digit number and a multiple of 10, using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used. Understand that in adding two-digit numbers, one adds tens and tens, ones and ones; and sometimes it is necessary to compose a ten.

    Given a two-digit number, mentally find 10 more or 10 less than the number, without having to count; explain the reasoning used.

    Subtract multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 from multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 (positive or zero differences), using concrete models or drawings and strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction; relate the strategy to a written method and explain the reasoning used.

    --------

    Measure lengths indirectly and by iterating length units.

    Order three objects by length; compare the lengths of two objects indirectly by using a third object.Express the length of an object as a whole number of length units, by laying multiple copies of a shorter object (the length unit) end to end; understand that the length measurement of an object is the number of same-size length units that span it with no gaps or overlaps. Limit to contexts where the object being measured is spanned by a whole number of length units with no gaps or overlaps.

    Tell and write time.Tell and write time in hours and half-hours using analog and digital clocks.

    Represent and interpret data.Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories; ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.

    Meetkunde

    Reason with shapes and their attributes.Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed and three-sided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build and draw shapes to possess defining attributes.

    Compose two-dimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles, and quarter-circles) or three-dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, and right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, and compose new shapes from the composite shape.

    Partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters, and use the phrases half of, fourth of, and quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Understand for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares.

    Overzicht 3de leerjaar

    Operations and Algebraic Thinking Represent and solve problems involving multiplication and division.

    Understand properties of multiplication and the relationship between multiplication and division.Multiply and divide within 100.

    Solve problems involving the four operations, and identify and explain patterns in arithmetic.

    Number and Operations in Base Ten Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic.

    Number and Operations—Fractions Develop understanding of fractions as numbers.

    Measurement and Data Solve problems involving measurement and estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, and masses of objects.

    Represent and interpret data.

    Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition/: recognize perimeter as an attribute of plane figures and distinguish between linear and area measures.

    Geometry Reason with shapes and their attributes.

    Mathematical Practices Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.

    Use place value understanding and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic.¹

    Use place value understanding to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or 100.

    Fluently add and subtract within 1000 using strategies and algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, and/or the relationship between addition and subtraction.

    Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10-90 (e.g., 9 × 80, 5 × 60) using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.

    Solve problems involving measurement and estimation.;Tell and write time to the nearest minute and measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram..2

    Measure and estimate liquid volumes and masses of objects using standard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), and liters (l).1 Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem.

    Represent and interpret data.Draw a scaled picture graph and a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- and two-step "how many more" and "how many less" problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. For example, draw a bar graph in which each square in the bar graph might represent 5 pets.

    Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves and fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units— whole numbers, halves, or quarters.

    Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area and relate area to multiplication and to addition.Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures and understand concepts of area measurement.

    A square with side length 1 unit, called "a unit square," is said to have "one square unit" of area, and can be used to measure area.A plane figure which can be covered without gaps or overlaps by n unit squares is said to have an area of n square units.

    Measure areas by counting unit squares (square cm, square m, square in, square ft, and improvised units).Relate area to the operations of multiplication and addition.

    Find the area of a rectangle with whole-number side lengths by tiling it, and show that the area is the same as would be found by multiplying the side lengths.Multiply side lengths to find areas of rectangles with whole-number side lengths in the context of solving real world and mathematical problems, and represent whole-number products as rectangular areas in mathematical reasoning.

    Use tiling to show in a concrete case that the area of a rectangle with whole-number side lengths a and b + c is the sum of a × b and a × c. Use area models to represent the distributive property in mathematical reasoning.

    Recognize area as additive. Find areas of rectilinear figures by decomposing them into non-overlapping rectangles and adding the areas of the non-overlapping parts, applying this technique to solve real world problems.

    Geometric measurement: recognize perimeter.

    Solve real world and mathematical problems involving perimeters of polygons, including finding the perimeter given the side lengths, finding an unknown side length, and exhibiting rectangles with the same perimeter and different areas or with the same area and different perimeters.

    Reason with shapes and their attributes.

    Understand that shapes in different categories (e.g., rhombuses, rectangles, and others) may share attributes (e.g., having four sides), and that the shared attributes can define a larger category (e.g., quadrilaterals). Recognize rhombuses, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals, and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories.

    Partition shapes into parts with equal areas. Express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole. For example, partition a shape into 4 parts with equal area, and describe the area of each part as 1/4 of the area of the shape.

     

     



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