kitokojungle

..welkom ! ..welkom ! ..welkom !

~ Gesticht àls Gesticht ter Voorkoming v/d Maatschappelijke Randdebiliteit ~

~ HÉT "progressief" Orgaan Der "Hangmatsocialisten" ~
Gesticht àls Gesticht ter Voorkoming v/d Maatschappelijke & Politieke Randdebiliteit

27-12-2009
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Doden in Teheran
het is weer hommeles in Teheran en deze keer lijkt het serieus. Betogers vielen blijkbaar de gehate milities aan, bezetten grote boulevards en zouden eveneens politieposten hebben aangevallen. In elk geval vielen er tot op dit ogenblik reeds 5 doden...
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/12/27/AR2009122700544.html?hpid%3Dartslot&sub=AR...must


Anti-government protests turn deadly in Tehran

SLIDESHOW
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This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian police officer, center with white shirt, is protected and is taken away by people after being beaten by protestors during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian police officer, center with white shirt, is protected and is taken away by people after being beaten by protestors during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (Str - AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows Iranian protestors care the body of a man who allegedly was shot during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows Iranian protestors care the body of a man who allegedly was shot during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (Str - AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows Iranian protestors carry the body of a man who allegedly was shot during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows Iranian protestors carry the body of a man who allegedly was shot during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran, shows a dead body of a man who allegedly was shot during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE: AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT.
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran, shows a dead body of a man who allegedly was shot during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE: AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT. (AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian protestor throwing stone at anti-riot police officers, as their bikes are set on fire by protestors, during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian protestor throwing stone at anti-riot police officers, as their bikes are set on fire by protestors, during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (Str - AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian police officer, center with white shirt, is protected and is taken away by people after being beaten by protestors during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian police officer, center with white shirt, is protected and is taken away by people after being beaten by protestors during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (Str - AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows Iranian protestors beating police officers, during anti-government protest in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows Iranian protestors beating police officers, during anti-government protest in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (Str - AP)
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian protestor flashing the victory sign during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT
This photo, taken by an individual not employed by the Associated Press and obtained by the AP outside Iran shows an Iranian protestor flashing the victory sign during anti-government protest at the Enqelab (Revolution) St. in Tehran, Iran, Sunday, Dec. 27, 2009. (AP Photo) EDITORS NOTE AS A RESULT OF AN OFFICIAL IRANIAN GOVERNMENT BAN ON FOREIGN MEDIA COVERING SOME EVENTS IN IRAN, THE AP WAS PREVENTED FROM INDEPENDENT ACCESS TO THIS EVENT (Str - AP)

Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, December 27, 2009; 2:57 PM

TEHRAN -- Security forces opened fire at crowds demonstrating against the government in the capital on Sunday, killing at least five people, including the nephew of opposition political leader Mir Hossein Mousavi, witnesses and Web sites linked to the opposition said.

"Ali Mousavi, 32, was shot in the heart at the Enghelab square. He became a martyr," the Rah-e Sabz Website reported.

In the heaviest clashes in months, fierce battles erupted as tens of thousands of demonstrators tried to gather on a main Tehran avenue, with people setting up roadblocks and throwing stones at members of special forces under the command of the Revolutionary Guard Corps. They in turn threw dozens of teargas and stun grenades, but failed in pushing back crowds, who shouted slogans against the government, witnesses reported.

A witness reported seeing at least four people shot in the central Vali-e Asr Square. "I saw a riot cop opening fire, using a handgun," the witness said. "A girl was hit in the shoulders, three other men in their stomachs and legs. It was total chaos."

Fights were also reported in the cities of Isfahan and Najafabad in central Iran.

The protests coincided with Ashura, one of the most intense religious holidays for Shiite Muslims. The slogans were mainly aimed at the top leaders of the Islamic republic, a further sign that the opposition movement against President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's disputed June election victory is turning against the leadership of the country.

At the Yadegar overpass, protesters shouted slogans such as "Death to the dictator" and "long live Mousavi." They fought running battles with security forces until a car filled with members of the paramilitary Basij brigade drove at high speed though the makeshift barriers of stones and sandbags that the protesters had erected.

About a dozen members of the Revolutionary Guards fired paintball bullets, teargas and stun grenades. When reinforcements arrived, they managed to push back the hundreds of protesters gathered at the crossing.

Similar scenes could be seen at several crossings of the central Azadi and Enghelab streets, witnesses reported. Large clouds of black bellowing smoke rose up as people honked their cars in protests.

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"This is a month of blood. The dictator will fall," people shouted, referring to the mourning month of Muharram. Young men erected a flag symbolizing the struggle of the Shiite's third Imam Hussein, whose death was commemorated Sunday.

On Saturday, security forces clad in black clashed with protesters in northern Tehran after a speech by opposition leader and former president Mohammad Khatami. After the police intervened, thousands of protesters fanned out through the area.

The roads were clogged with cars, many honking their horns in support of the protesters. About 50 armed government supporters attacked a building used as an office by the household of the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, founder of the Islamic republic, according to witnesses and the Parlemannews Web site, which is critical of the government.

"There are so many people on the streets, I am amazed," a member of the riot police said to his colleagues as he rested on his motorcycle in a north Tehran square. Two women in traditional black chadors flashed victory signs to passing cars, egging them on to honk in support of the opposition.

Earlier, hundreds of police officers supported by dozens of members of the elite Revolutionary Guard Corps and the paramilitary Basij force clashed with small groups of protesters along Enghelab (Revolution) Street, one of the capital's main thoroughfares, at times beating people in an effort to disperse them.

The protests, which followed anti-government demonstrations in other Iranian cities in recent days, come as Iran observes the 10 days of Muharram, a mourning period for Imam Hussein, the Shiite saint whose death in the 7th century sealed the rift between Sunni and Shiite Muslims over the succession of the prophet Muhammad. On Sunday, Shiites worldwide commemorate the day of his death during Ashura.

Special Correspondent Kay Armin Serjoie contributed to this report.


27-12-2009 om 23:46 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
Categorie:Een uitgesproken "Grr#!!♪♫@||#♫♪☻"-Kitokojungle-Opinie !!
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Bunker Hill
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen een man met een stem als een verkouden nachtegaal en minstens even indrukwekkend. Ook erg gepast als tegengif voor al het weemakend gekreun met belletjes op de achtergrond waarmee ze je op dit moment in elke winkelstraat om de oren slaan

BUNKER HILL
en als toemaatje krijg je er Link Wray als gitarist bij een geluid als een orkaan ...


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NlHO7OEzHQk&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1WMQarPl-4&feature=related


27-12-2009 om 22:46 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
Categorie:Een uitgesproken "Grr#!!♪♫@||#♫♪☻"-Kitokojungle-Opinie !!
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Ante Pavelic, the butcher of The Balkans
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen
Hallo, hier zijn we terug en zoals beloofd gaan we wat jullie wat info geven over Pius XII en de rol van het Vaticaan tijdens de tweede wereldoorlog in Yougoslavië. Want We gunnen Pius XII het voordeel van de twijfel met Hitler en de jodenvervolging in Duitsland en zelfs in de rest van Europa maar of we het zelfde kunnen zeggen van wat er in Yougoslavië gebeurde laten we aan onze lezertjes over. Wij vrezen dat we Pius XII hiervoor zijn zaligverklaring niet zouden gunnen moesten we hierover iets te zeggen hebben en dat hebben we natuurlijk niet. Maar de rol van het Vaticaan in dit dossier is meer dan dubieus te noemen en het hoofd van het Vaticaan was toch onze zalige Pius XII of zijn we verkeerd?

We beginnen bij de figuur van Ante Pavelic waarvan we een degelijke biografie vonden op een website waar deze man zeer terecht een ereplaats verdient. De site heet :

moreorless : heroes & killers of the 20th century en om geen enkele twijfel te laten ontstaan zeggen we er onmiddellijk bij dat hij een ereplaats heeft bij de "killers" en zeker niet bij de "heroes" maar lees zelf maar. En reeds in deze biografie zullen jullie verwijzingen vinden naar banden met het Vaticaan...

www.moreorless.au.com




Ante Pavelic

AKA 'Butcher of the Balkans', AKA 'Poglavnik' (Chieftain), AKA Anton Pavelitch, AKA Ante Pavelitch, AKA Pedro Gonner.

Country: Croatia.

Kill tally: 300,000 to one million, including up to 30,000 Jews, up to 29,000 Gipsies, and between 300,000 and 600,000 Serbs.

Background: The southern Slavic states of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia and Macedonia begin to emerge as a unified state following the First World War. But the legacy of a 400-year occupation by the Islamic Ottoman Empire and traditional tension between Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians frustrate attempts for unity.

The pre-existing rifts are deepened during the Second World War when varying ethnic and political groups use the cloak of the war to brutally pursue rivalries.

Mini biography: Born on 14 July 1889 in Bradina, about 35 km southwest of Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina. He attends primary school at Travnik in Bosnia-Herzegovina. After completing his secondary education at a Jesuit seminary in Senj, Croatia, he studies law at the University of Zagreb. Following his graduation he establishes a small law practice in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia.

In his youth Pavelic joins the Croat Party of Rights (Hrvatska Stranka Prava, HSP), an extreme, right-wing nationalist political group advocating Croat separatism.

When the HSP breaks up in 1908 Pavelic joins a splinter faction lead by Josip Frank. The faction, often called frankovci (frankist) after its leader, considers itself to be the "pure" Party of Rights. Pavelic is made interim secretary on 1 March 1919.

Pavelic believes in "a free and independent Croat state comprising the entire historical and ethnic territory of the Croat people." He believes that the enemies of the Croat liberation movement include the Serbian Government, international Freemasonry, Jews, and communism.

1918 - The 'Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes' is formed on 1 December and recognised by the Paris Peace Conference in May 1919. The kingdom encompasses most of the Austrian Slovenian lands, Croatia, Slavonia, most of Dalmatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Vojvodina, Kosovo, the Serbian-controlled parts of Macedonia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. It is to be ruled by Serbian prince regent Aleksandar Karadjordjevicis.

As well as the ethnic Slav majority, the kingdom is home to Germans, Albanians, Hungarians, Romanians, Turks, Italians, Greeks, Czechoslovaks, Slovaks, Ruthenians, Russians, Poles, Bulgars, Sephardic and Ashkenazic Jews, and Gipsies. It includes people of the Christian Orthodox faith, Roman Catholics, Muslims, Jews and Protestants.

The political mix of the kingdom reflects this multicultural base, with no single party ever gaining a majority. The Serbian Radical Party (SRP), lead by Nikola Pasic, and the Croatian Republican Peasant Party (CRPP), lead by Stjepan Radic, dominate but hold almost diametrically opposed views, with the Serbs advocating strong central control and the Croats favouring regional autonomy.

1920 - Following a general election where it wins the majority of Croatian seats, the CRPP boycotts the parliament, a position it will maintain until 1924. The boycott allows the SRP to take power by default and pursue its centralist policies.

1925 - The CRPP and SRP strike a compromise and form a coalition government. Under the agreement the CRPP recognises the monarchy, accepts the constitution and changes its name to the Croatian Peasant Party (CPP). However, the coalition is shortlived, lasting only until 1926, after which the parliament degenerates.

1927 - Pavelic is elected to the Zagreb City Council as a representative for the frankovci faction of the HSP. At national elections, the Croatian block that includes the frankovci faction wins 45,000 votes in the Zagreb region and is allocated two seats in the Yugoslav Parliament, one of which is given to Pavelic. He is later elected vice president of the HSP-frankovci.

1928 - Radic is shot and mortally wounded on the floor of parliament on 20 June. When he dies on 28 August representatives from Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina walk out of the parliament, demanding a federal state and refusing to acknowledge the authority of the king.

1929 - On 6 January, in an attempt to hold the federation together, the king suspends the constitution and declares a temporary 'Royal Dictatorship'. The parliament is dissolved, political parties are banned, civil liberties are cancelled, local self-government is abolished and laws are decreed against sedition, terrorism, and propagation of communism. A Serb is made premier, and the name of the country is officially changed to the 'Kingdom of Yugoslavia'.

However, it is soon evident that rather than cementing unity the king's plan is creating greater division. Croatian opposition to a Serb-controlled centralist system grows, while the Serbian political movement is fractured. Leaders of both groups flee the country, as does Pavelic, who is sentenced to death in absentia for his part in anti-Serb demonstrations organised by Bulgarian and Macedonian terrorists.

Pavelic travels to Vienna, the capital of Austria, arriving in February. While in the city he takes the leadership of the Croat Youth Movement, a nationalist group dedicated to resisting the royal dictatorship. Pavelic also makes contact with the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organisation (VRMO), whose leader provides him with an introduction to Benito Mussolini, the fascist dictator of Italy.

1931 - The royal dictatorship in Yugoslavia is ended and limited democracy reintroduced, although the political landscape remains tumultuous and divisive. Croatian discontent builds when the new leader of the CPP is arrested and jailed for terrorist activities.

1932 - Pavelic accepts an offer from Mussolini to relocate to Italy, where be begins to refashion the Croat Youth Movement into the terrorist group that will come to be known as the Ustase (Insurrection).

Provisioned with training camps, protection and financial support by Mussolini, and receiving further support from the government of Hungry and, later, from Nazi Germany, the Ustase begin a campaign of bombings within Yugoslavia.

In the so-called 'Lika Uprising' the Ustase attempt an armed invasion of Yugoslavia. About one dozen Ustase operatives covertly cross the Adriatic in motorboats, travelling from Italy to Zadar on the Croatian coast, which is then under Italian rule. From Zadar they travel overland to the Velebit Mountains. After attacking a police station and killing 17 police they are forced into a hasty retreat with a number of local Ustase who joined them during the action.

The base for Ustase terrorist operations then moves to Hungary.

1934 - On 14 October a Ustase agent assassinates King Aleksandar while he is visiting Marseille in France. Pavelic is thought to have bribed a high French official to ensure that security around the king was lax, even though the Ustase had made a previous attempt on his life.

Following the assassination, a three-man regency is appointed to rule in the king's place. The CPP leader is released from jail and, in 1935, elections are held. The resulting government eases political oppression but fails to restore full democracy or to address the Croatian separatist movement, which refuses to compromise.

Italy, meanwhile, arrests Pavelic and other leaders of the Ustase following the assassination of the king but refuses to extradite them to face the death sentences passed in absentia in France. Several months later they are released.

1939 - On 26 August, with the outbreak of the Second World War imminent, the Yugoslav Government signs an agreement, the 'Sporazum' (Understanding), with the CPP granting limited autonomy to Croatia. Six days later Germany invades Poland and the war begins.

Yugoslavia attempts to remain neutral but comes under mounting pressure from Germany to fall in with the other Balkan states and sign the 'Tripartite Pact', aligning the country with the 'Axis' powers - Germany, Italy and Japan.

1941 - The Yugoslav Government gives into the German pressure on 24 March, signing a protocol of adherence to the Tripartite Pact. Two days later, on 26 March, junior officers from the Yugoslav air force stage a coup d'état and overthrow the government, unleashing a wave of anti-German demonstrations across Belgrade, the national capital. Germany responds on 6 April, bombing the capital in a 'blitzkrieg' (lightning war) that kills thousands (sources estimate the number killed to be between 12,000 and 17,000). Axis forces then invade.

Pavelic seizes the opportunity. Broadcasting from Italy, he calls on Croatian soldiers to mutiny. "Use your weapons against the Serbian soldiers and officers," he says, "We are fighting shoulder to shoulder with our German and Italian allies."

Overwhelmed by the Axis invasion force, the Yugoslav Army collapses and the government flees.

On 10 April German troops occupy Zagreb. The same day, Slavko Kvaternik, a retired Austro-Hungarian colonel who is the Ustase leader in Croatia, Pavelic's deputy, and commander of the armed forces, proclaims the 'Independent State of Croatia' (Nezavisna Drzava Hrvatska, NDH), which incorporates Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Syrmia.

Pavelic arrives in Zagreb at 5 a.m. on Tuesday 15 April, ending his 12 years of exile.

By 17 April all Yugoslav resistance to the Axis forces has been crushed. On 18 April the Yugoslav Army officially surrenders. The invaders now begin to carve up the spoils.

The Germans recognise the NDH, occupy most of Serbia and annex northern Slovenia. Italy takes southern Slovenia, and much of Dalmatia, joins Kosovo with its Albanian puppet state, and occupies Montenegro. Hungary occupies part of Vojvodina and Slovenian and Croatian border regions. Bulgaria takes Macedonia and a part of southern Serbia.

On the urging of Mussolini, the Germans agree to make Pavelic Poglavnik (Chieftain) of the NDH. Almost immediately he declares that the primary aim of his government will be the "purification" of Croatia and the elimination of "alien elements." The "ethnic cleansing" of two million Serbs, Jews, and Gipsies in the NDH now begins.

Pavelic's Ustase storm troopers employ forced religious conversion, deportation and murder to achieve their goal of an ethnically pure Croatia. Their credo is "kill a third, expel a third, and convert a third." Serbs will be required to wear armbands bearing the letter P (for Pravoslavac, or Orthodox Christian), while Jews will have to wear armbands with the letter Z (for Zidov).

The Ustase will be supported by elements of the Croatian Catholic Church, including the Archbishop of Sarajevo, Ivan Saric. Some Franciscan priests will enlist in the Ustase and participate in the violence.

The massacres begin at the Serbian village of Gudovac in Bosnia-Herzegovina on 27 April. They will continue unabated until the end of the war and result in the genocide of tens of thousands of Serbs, Jews and Gipsies. Thousands more will flee to the relative safety of Serbia. Orthodox priests will also be targeted, with 131 out of the total of 577 practicing in the region being killed. Execution methods favoured by the Ustase included knifing and bludgeoning to death, throwing live victims from cliffs, as well as shooting.

The brutality of the Ustase violence of appals many high-ranking officers in the occupying forces. General Edmund Glaise von Horstenau, the German commander of the NDH, reports to Berlin that "according to reliable reports from countless German military and civilian observers ... the Ustasha have gone raging mad." Later he states that the "Croat revolution was by far the bloodiest and most awful among all I have seen firsthand or from afar in Europe since 1917."

The German commander of southeastern Europe calls the Ustase onslaught "a Croatian crusade of destruction." Italian commanders begin to provide civilians with protection against the Ustase, with some going so far as to ignore orders to cease the practice.

On 6 June Pavelic meets German dictator Adolf Hitler, who agrees to Pavelic's plan to expel much of the Serbian population of the NDH and replace them with Croats and Slovenes from lands annexed by the Germans. Pavelic will meet with Hitler again in November 1942.

In September 1941 an Ustase-run concentration camp is opened at Jasenovac, on the Bosnia-Herzegovina border about 90 km southeast of Zagreb. Up to 200,000 Serbs, Jews, Gipsies and political prisoners are killed at Jasenovac, which is the largest in the 26 camps established in the Balkans. Along with the Ustase, Catholic clergy staff the camp and participate in the executions.

Meanwhile, the Yugoslav resistance movement begins to coalesce around the nationalist 'Chetnik' groups and the communist-led 'Partisan' guerrillas.

Yugoslav Army Colonel Dragoljub 'Draza' Mihailovic becomes the best know of the Chetnik commanders, and in October 1941 is recognised by Britain as the leader of the Yugoslav resistance movement. In 1942 the Yugoslav government-in-exile promotes him to commander of its armed forces. Mihailovic's strategy is to avoid clashes with Axis forces and prepare for a general uprising to coincide with an invasion of the Balkans by the Allied forces of Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union.

Josip Broz Tito, the secretary-general of the Yugoslavian Communist Party, leads the Partisans. Their slogan is "Death to Fascism, Freedom to the People." Tito favours direct action, and in July 1941 launches uprisings that win the Partisans control of much of the Yugoslav countryside. However, thousands of civilians are killed in Ustase reprisals.

In September 1941 Germany also hits back, warning that 100 Serb civilians will be executed for every German soldier killed by the resistance. In October about 7,000 Serbian men and boys are executed at Kragujevac in Serbia after a squadron of Germans is wiped out in an ambush. A further 1,700 are executed at Kraljevo.

Tito ignores the reprisals and continues with the Partisans' campaign, extending their attacks to the Chetnik forces, which are largely anti-communist. Mihailovic in turn targets the Partisans as the main enemy of the Chetniks. The Chetniks also begin to cooperate with the Germans and Italians to prevent a communist victory.

1942 - On 16 April Pavelic announces that a scorched earth policy will be used to combat the resistance. Under the policy, anyone in those regions of the NDH subject to resistance activity can be summarily executed.

1943 - In December British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Soviet leader Joseph Stalin agree to give their full support to the Partisans, effectively marginalising the Chetniks. The Partisans' position is further strengthened in September 1944 when the exiled king calls on all Yugoslavs to back them.

1944 - The advancing Soviet Army crosses the Yugoslav border on 1 October, joining with the Partisans to liberate Belgrade on 20 October. The Red Army then moves on toward Germany, leaving the Partisans and the Western Allies to mop up the remaining Germans, Ustase, and Chetniks. The bloodiest fighting breaks out when the Partisans advance into Croatia.

1945 - The Partisans capture Sarajevo on 6 April. Ustase leaders and collaborators flee to Austria, along with regular Croatian and Slovenian troops and some Chetniks, leaving the Partisans in control of all of Yugoslavia.

On 7 May Germany surrenders unconditionally. The war in Yugoslavia ends on 15 May. It has claimed between one million and 1.7 million Yugoslav lives, or up to 11% of the pre-war population. The majority of the dead have been killed by their fellow countrymen.

The Ustase is estimated to have murdered up to 30,000 Jews, up to 29,000 Gipsies, and between 300,000 and 600,000 Serbs.

The Partisans are estimated to have killed up to 300,000 Croat refugees turned back from Austria at the start of May. The massacre of the Croats takes place near the Austrian border village of Bleiburg and during the so-called 'Way of the Cross' death marches back to Croatia that follow.

Pavelic evades the Partisans. Fleeing Zagreb on 15 April, he travels overland to Austria, and then on to Rome. He is reported to be living in the city under the protection of the Catholic Church and with the knowledge of the Allied occupational forces, who fail to arrest him even though they are provided with credible information on his whereabouts.

On 12 September 1947 the American Counterintelligence Corps office in Roman reports that "Pavelic's contacts are so high, and his present position is so compromising to the Vatican, that any extradition of Subject would deal a staggering blow to the Roman Catholic Church."

Early in 1948 Pavelic moves to a monastery near Castel Gandolfo, 25 km southeast of Rome, where he lives disguised as a priest. Later the same year Vatican operatives smuggle him to Buenos Aires in Argentina, where he revives the Ustase movement (now called Hrvatska Drzavotvorna Stranka) and acts as a security adviser to Argentine President Juan Perón. About 7,250 other members of the Ustase find refuge in Argentina between 1946 and 1948.

Meanwhile in Yugoslavia, the communists, backed by the Soviet Union, take control of the government. The Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia is proclaimed on 29 November. It comprises the republics of Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. An ethnically mixed Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and a mostly Albanian Autonomous Region of Kosovo are created within Serbia. Tito heads the Communist Party, the government and the armed forces.

Retribution against wartime collaborators begins. Ustase members, Croatian and Slovenian collaborators and innocent refugees who had fled to Austria are captured and returned to Yugoslavia, where thousands are summarily executed by the Partisans. Thousands of Chetniks are jailed. Mihailovic and other Chetnik leaders are executed for collaboration after a show trial in 1946.

Over 200 priests and nuns charged with participating in Ustase atrocities are also executed.

In September 1946 the head of the Croatian Catholic Church, Archbishop Alojzije Stepinac, is sentenced to 16 years jail for complicity with the Pavelic government. He serves five years before begin released.

1957 - The Yugoslav secret police catch up with Pavelic in Argentina, organising an assassination attempt that is implemented on 9 April. Pavelic survives but is badly wounded. He subsequently flees to Spain, which is ruled by the fascist dictator Francisco Franco.

1959 - Pavelic dies in Madrid on 28 December from injuries sustained in the assassination attempt. It is later revealed that his body is secured at a secret location in Madrid waiting for the time when it can be returned to the "homeland" to lie in state in Zagreb.

Postscript

1999 - Former Chetnik Blagoje Jovovic claims that it was he who fired the shots that eventually led to the death of Pavelic. Jovovic, originally from Montenegro, had emigrated to Argentina following the war.

2003 - Croatia and Serbia-Montenegro move towards reconciliation on 10 September when the presidents of both countries apologise to one another for "all the evils" done by their countries in wars. In an earlier trip to Israel the Croatian president had apologised for crimes committed by the Ustase during the Second World War.

Comment: The horror of events in the Balkans during the Second World War has been displaced in recent memory by further horrors committed there at the end of the century. But it could be argued that the genocide allegedly committed by the likes of Slobodan Milosevic and Radovan Karadzic pales in comparison to that of Ante Pavelic and his fascist regime. One thing is certain - the suffering of the Serbs at the hands of the Ustase during the Second World War was and continues to be a key factor in the paranoia that informs much of their national chauvinism.

And there is legitimate cause for their concern. Pavelic has gone but the Ustase lives on. Since Pavelic's death, the movement has been implicated in numerous terrorist attacks in Europe and the United States. Between 1962 and 1966, three Yugoslav diplomats were murdered by the Ustase. In 1968 a bombing attack on a theatre in Belgrade killed one person and wounded 85. The Yugoslav ambassador to Sweden was assassinated in Stockholm in 1971. The following year Ustase terrorists hijacked a Swedish airliner and successfully demanded that the ambassador's assassin be freed. The Ustase also claimed responsibility for the bombing of a Yugoslav JAT airliner flying from Denmark to Croatia in 1972. The attack killed 26.

An explosion in a storage locker at New York's La Guardia airport in December 1975 that killed 11 people and injured 75 may have been set by the Ustase. In September 1976 four Ustase agents hijacked an American TWA plane, resulting in the death of one police officer. The same year the Yugoslav embassy in Washington was bombed. In 1980 the Ustase detonated a bomb in the Statue of Liberty in New York.

More worrying still, there are many within contemporary Croatia who continue to view Pavelic as a national hero and long for a time when his goal of an ethnically pure "homeland" is finally realised. The founding of the NDH on 10 April 1941 is still openly commemorated in parts of the country, and renegade priests still give eulogies to Pavelic.


27-12-2009 om 22:35 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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Categorie:Een uitgesproken "Grr#!!♪♫@||#♫♪☻"-Kitokojungle-Opinie !!
24-12-2009
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Pius XII de Ustachapaus en de financiering van Medjugorje door gestolen goud geleverd door o.a. broeder Satan
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen We willen op deze vredevolle kerstdag aankondigen dat we de volgende dagen wat dieper zullen ingaan op de strapatsen van Pius XII als de ustacha-paus die van joden, zigeuners en serviërs gestolen goud en juwelen heeft aangenomen in de Bank van het Vaticaan, die eveneens er voor gezorgd heeft dat de ergste Croatische oorlogsmidadigers zijn kunnen vluchten en nooit werden berecht ondanks het feit dat sommigen nog onmenselijker zijn geweest dan de nazibeulen. We leggen jullie ook uit wie broeder Satan was en op welke manier een populair bedevaartsoord als Medjugorje wordt gefinancierd. We zullen jullie ook leren dat franciscanen als beesten zijn tekeer gegaan tegen Joden, Zigeuners en Serviêrs


en we wensen iedereen een prettig kerstfeest...


24-12-2009 om 21:13 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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23-12-2009
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Sonny Burgess
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen
Sonny Burgess




http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZ_80yKiU3M&feature=fvw


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fOnOWLhuT80&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezHDAECxz34&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dCbiax0ZcIk&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CchmXcuThDE&feature=related


23-12-2009 om 23:46 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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Categorie:Een uitgesproken "Grr#!!♪♫@||#♫♪☻"-Kitokojungle-Opinie !!
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Wat zeggen joodse bronnen over Pius XII?
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen
Zoals beloofd gaan we vandaag een amateuristische poging wagen om wat meer te weten te komen over de rol die Pius XII heeft gespeeld tijdens WO II en zijn houding tov de nazis. We zouden kunnen verwijzen naar de bijdragen die Hugo Van Minnebruggen heeft gepubliceerd op het door ons al meermaals in positieve zin geciteerde www.verzet. Maar zijn bijdragen, net zoals de man zelf zijn erg gecontesteerd. We begrijpen ook niet goed dat een verder zo uitstekend gedocumenteerde site als Verzet dergelijke bijdragen publiceert. alleen al de door Van Minnebruggen gehanteerde bronvermeldingen zou toch al enige argwaan moeten opwekken. Maar jullie mogen gerust zelf lezen en het klinkt allemaal wel erg links en erg anti-katholiek maar heeft volgens onze bescheiden mening weinig te maken met de realiteit. Net zoals Van Minnebruggen zijn eigenaardige meningen over Israël en Gaza...maar dat moeten jullie maar zelf uitzoekn want daarmee wijken we te ver af.
Lees dus zelf zijn schrijfsels maar op: http://www.verzet.org/content/view/451/29/1/0/ hier vinden jullie de klassieke linkse versie en hun visie op Pius XII

Wij zullen ons niet amuseren om dat allemaal systematsisch te weerlegg en we kennen maar al te goed de rol die sommige, zelfs vele, geestelijken hebben gespeeld in onder andere de recrutering van idealististische anti-kommunistische jongeren als kanonnenvlees voor het Oostfront. Geschiften als Cyriel Verschaeve waren er wel meer!

Maar hiermee is niet bewezen dat de kerk als dusdanig en de paus meeheulden met Hitler en zijn bende. Hiermee is zeker niet bewezen dat de kerk de holocaust zou hebben goedgekeurd, al of niet stilzwijgend.
Het lijkt ons ook duidelijk dat niks zeggen en niks doen in die periode synoniem is met meeheulen met de nazis. Zeker voor een morele instantie die de katholieke kerk toch steeds beweert te zijn. We kunnen wel begrip opbrengen voor enige voorzichtigheid vanwege een instituut dat toch al 2000 jaar ervaring met moeilijke politieke situaties achter de kiezen had en het steeds weer heeft overleefd. Laten we ook niet uit het oog verliezen dat Pius XII paus werd in 1939 en dus niet moet afgerekend worden op eerdere jaren...

En bij wie kunnen we dan beter te rade gaan als bij joodse bronnen?





http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1148482112058&pagename=JPArticle%2FShowFull


june 5, 2006 19:41 | Updated Jun 5, 2006 22:30

Was Pius XII really 'Hitler's pope'?

By DIMITRI CAVALLI








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Pope Benedict's recent visit to Auschwitz helped rekindle the controversy over the actions of Pope Pius XII during the Holocaust. Although some Jewish leaders and Catholic writers often condemn Pius XII today, the wartime Jewish press had a favorable opinion of the pope.

In March 1939, many Jewish newspapers in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, and Jerusalem welcomed Pope Pius's election and described him as a friend of democracy. In an editorial (March 6, 1939), The Palestine Post, the predecessor of The Jerusalem Post, observed, "Pius XII has clearly shown that he intends to carry on [Pius XI's] work for freedom and peace...we remember that he must have had a large part to play in the recent opposition to pernicious race theories and certain aspects of totalitarianism..."

On October 27, 1939, the pope's first encyclical, "Summi Pontificatus," was made public. The American Israelite in Cincinnati (November 9, 1939) asserted that the encyclical "contains a ringing denunciation of all forces which put the state above the will of the people, a condemnation of dictators and disseminators of racism who have plunged the world into chaos."

On January 26, 1940, the Jewish Advocate in Boston reported, "The Vatican radio this week broadcast an outspoken denunciation of German atrocities and persecution in Nazi [occupied] Poland, declaring they affronted the moral conscience of mankind."

This broadcast graphically described atrocities against Jews and Catholics and gave independent confirmation to reports about Nazi atrocities, which the Reich previously dismissed as Allied propaganda.

On March 14, 1940, London's Jewish Chronicle commented on Pius's five conditions for a "just and honorable peace," which he articulated in his 1939 Christmas message. The Jewish Chronicle described the pope's conditions, especially the protection of all racial minorities, as a "welcome feature," and praised him for fighting "for the rights of the common man."

In the same month, Italy's anti-Semitic laws went into effect, and many Jews were dismissed from the government, universities, and other professions. Pius XII responded by appointing several displaced Jewish scholars to posts in the Vatican library. In aneditorial, the Kansas City Jewish Chronicle (March 29, 1940), concluded that the pope's actions showed "his disapproval of the dastardly anti-Semitic decrees."

ON AUGUST 28, 1942, the California Jewish Voice hailed Pius XII as a "spiritual ally" of Jews after noting that the Vatican, through its diplomatic representatives, protested the deportations of Jews from France and Slovakia.

On April 16, 1943, the Australian Jewish News published a brief article about Pierre Cardinal Gerlier of Lyon, France who protested the deportations of French Jews. The newspaper quoted the cardinal as saying that he was obeying Pius XII's orders by opposing the Vichy regime's anti-Semitic measures.

On October 17, 1943, the Nazis began to arrest Jews in Rome. On October 29, 1943, the Jewish Chronicle wrote, "The Vatican has made strong representations to the German Government and the German High Command in Italy against the persecutions of the Jews in Nazi-occupied Italy..."

Along with the Vatican's protests, thousands of Jews found refuge in Rome's convents, monasteries, and the Vatican itself.

In June 1944, the Allies liberated Rome, and Pius XII protested the deportations of Hungarian Jews. "With Rome liberated, it has been determined, indeed, that 7,000 of Italy's 40,000 Jews owe their lives to the Vatican," the American Israelite (July 27, 1944) editorialized. "Placing these golden deeds alongside the intercession of Pope Pius XII with the Regent of Hungary in behalf in behalf of the Hungarian Jews, we feel an immense degree of gratitude toward ourCatholic brethren."

On October 8, 1958, Pope Pius XII died. Many Jewish newspapers around the world eulogized him, recalling his wartime opposition to Nazism and role in saving Jews. In aneditorial (October 10, 1958), The Jerusalem Post stated that "Jews will recall the sympathetic references to their sufferings contained in many of his pronouncements, the refuge from Nazi terror which he gave to many in the Vatican during the last war, and the very cordial way he received his Jewish visitors."

In his article for the Jewish Post (November 6, 1958) in Winnipeg, Canada, William Zukerman wrote that no other leader "did more to help the Jews in their hour of greatest tragedy, during the Nazi occupation of Europe, than the latepope."

In the late 1930s and early 1940s, Jewish editors and reporters had no fears about condemning Father Charles Coughlin, the anti-Semitic radio broadcaster, andCatholic youth gangs in the Bronx and Boston who frequently assaulted Jews.

This much is clear: the contemporary Jewish press repeatedly have Pius XII favorable coverage from 1939 to 1958.

The writer, based in New York City, is working on a book about Pope Pius XII.


Dat is dus een gans ander geluid...en verder vinden we eveneens een joodse getuigenis:


http://www.quadrant.org.au/magazine/issue/2008/4/the-myth-of-hitler-s-pope-how-pope-pius-xii-rescued-jews-from-the-nazis-by-rabbi-david-g-dalin


Criticism

The Myth of Hitler's Pope: How Pope Pius XII Rescued Jews from the Nazis, by Rabbi David G. Dalin

Hal G.P. Colebatch

Rabbi David Dalin, a professor of history and political science, and the splendid Regnery publishing house, have done a great service in producing this book. Meticulously detailed, it completely destroys the myth that Pope Pius XII was pro-Nazi or did less than his utmost to save Jews from the Nazis, and pays tribute to what he actually did. Its wealth of information, much previously unknown, has been praised by commentators like Mary Ann Glendon, Learned Hand Professor of Law at Harvard University, who has said:

“David Dalin’s search for the truth about Pope Pius XII led him to the discovery that the tragedy of the Jewish people has been shamelessly exploited by foes of traditional religion. With righteous indignation, Dalin sets the record straight, documenting the dishonesty of Pius’s leading attackers and demonstrating that the wartime Pope was a friend and protector of the Jewish people in their hour of greatest need.”

Rabbi Dalin commences with the words:

“It is ironic that sixty years after the Holocaust—with anti-Semitism virulent among Islamic fundamentalists and growing rapidly among secular Europeans—that the left-liberal media in the West has tried to blame Pope Pius XII (and even the Catholic church as a whole) for anti-Semitism.
“No-one believed this at the time. From the end of World War II until at least five years after his death in 1958, Pope Pius XII enjoyed an enviable reputation among Christians and Jews alike …”

He points how the campaign of vilification against the Pope began with the play The Deputy, by German Rolf Hochhuth (later a close friend and defender of David Irving, and the subject of a limerick in Robert Conquest’s The Abomination of Moab), and made into a Hollywood film, Amen, in 2002.

Rabbi Dalin is also scathing of the book Hitler’s Pope, by John Cornwell, pointing out that even the cover photograph (approved by Cornwell) is viciously dishonest in its inference: it shows the future Pope Pius XII, then Cardinal Pacelli, a Vatican diplomat, leaving a reception in Germany given by the pre-Hitler President Paul von Hindenburg, in 1927, six years before Hitler came to power. He is dressed in Vatican diplomatic regalia, which could easily be confused with Papal garments, and is being saluted by two German soldiers in distinctive German steel helmets. It is not possible to see the uniforms and insignia of the soldiers clearly, and though they were actually soldiers of the Weimar Republic they could be taken for soldiers of the Third Reich. Dalin quotes the historian Philip Jenkins:

“The casual reader is meant to infer that Pacelli is emerging from a cosy tete-a-tete with Hitler—perhaps they have been chatting together about plans for a new extermination camp? … Perhaps photographs do not lie, but this particular book cover—offered in the context it was, and under the title Hitler’s Pope—comes close.”

(The picture can be seen at John Cornwell’s Wikipedia entry.) To compound this, the caption on the English edition claims the photograph was taken in Berlin in 1939, when Hitler was in power—a falsehood without any qualification whatsoever. Rabbi Dalin’s dissection of both these works leaves them without a shred of credibility. The film Amen is also totally false, presenting as fact incidents which never happened—anyway it was a box-office failure. Dalin documents how the left-liberal media has been quick to publicise, generally uncritically, the myth of “Hitler’s Pope”, but has generally denied even mentioning the scholarly works written in the Pope’s defence.

In fact the Pope never met Hitler, and when Hitler visited Rome in 1938, Pius very publicly snubbed the Nazis by leaving for Castel Gandolfo.

Rabbi Dalin has collected many eyewitness accounts of how Pope Pius XII and the Vatican were directly responsible for sheltering thousands of Jews in the Vatican and in church properties in and about Rome, as well as 3000 in Castel Gandolfo. As a result about 85 per cent of Rome’s Jews were saved from deportation and murder. This was despite the fact that Rome was first under the Italian Fascist regime, and then Nazi military occupation, making the Pope in the Vatican a virtual prisoner (though some of the German officers appear to have given clandestine help and warnings). In the case of Slovakia alone, the Pope’s moral pressure on the government was, according to the French Jewish scholar Leon Poliakov, directly instrumental in saving about 20,000 Slovakian Jews.

Thus while the Pope denounced and worked against Nazism, he was in a hideously difficult position in that more outspoken activity could lead to greater reprisals against the innocent. I was surprised that Rabbi Dalin did not quote the case of Edith Stein, though this was very much to the point: Edith Stein (now canonised) was a Jewish-born convert, a Carmelite nun and an outstanding philosopher and theologian. During the Nazi occupation of Holland she was in a Dutch convent. The Dutch Bishops’ Conference had a public statement read in all the churches of the country on July 20, 1942, condemning Nazi racism. In a retaliatory response on July 26, 1942, the Reichskommissar of the Netherlands, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, ordered the arrest of all Jewish-born converts to Catholicism, who had previously been spared. Stein and her sister Rosa, also a convert, were captured and shipped to Auschwitz, where they died in the gas chambers a few days later.

The Pope’s anti-Nazi statements and activities, up to the very limit that he could press them, are a matter of record. These included the encyclical Summi Pontificatus, issued shortly after the outbreak of war, and a number of homilies, and he gave bishops instructions to help all victims of Nazism. Early in the war he stated that the Nazi atrocities in Poland affronted the moral conscience of mankind, leading the New York Times to declare: “now the Vatican has spoken with authority that cannot be questioned, and has confirmed the worst intimations of terror that have come out of the Polish darkness”. In Britain the Manchester Guardian called Vatican Radio “tortured Poland’s most powerful advocate”. In 1940 Albert Einstein, a Jewish refugee from Nazism, said: “Only the Catholic church stood squarely across the path of Hitler’s campaign … I now praise [it] unreservedly.” On July 3, 1943, Judge Joseph Proskauer, president of the American Jewish Committee, declared:

“We have heard … what a great part the Holy Father has played in the salvation of the Jewish refugees in Italy, and we know from sources that must be credited that this great Pope has reached forth his mighty and sheltering hand to help the oppressed of Hungary.”

Rabbi Louis Finkelstein, the chancellor of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, stated: “No keener rebuke has come to Nazism than from Pope Pius XI and his successor Pope Pius XII.” Dalin has documented many other contemporary tributes from Jewish leaders of different countries, including Isaac Herzog, Chief Rabbi of Israel: “The people of Israel will never forget what His Holiness and his illustrious delegates … are doing for our unfortunate brothers and sisters in the most tragic hour of our history, which is living proof of Divine Providence in this world.”

The Pope’s Christmas messages were clear condemnations of Nazi attacks on Jews, to the fury of the Nazis. There were even Nazi plans to kidnap the Pope, which Hitler discussed in July 1943, and Mussolini said the Pope was “ready to let himself be deported to a concentration camp rather do anything against his conscience”. It is extraordinary that this overwhelming evidence has been not merely overlooked but actually suppressed.

Before the war, when the Italian Fascist regime began implementing anti-Semitic legislation and driving Jews out of universities, the Pope saved Jewish academics by giving them posts at the Vatican or helping them escape to America.

This book also illuminates a little-known aspect of history: from very early times Popes including Gregory the Great (590–604) protected Rome’s Jews and denounced anti-Semitism in general. Even the “Borgia” Pope, Alexander VI, had a notable record here, creating the first Chair of Hebrew at the University of Rome and frequently entertaining the Chief Rabbi at the Vatican. He created a safe haven for Jews fleeing persecution in Spain and Portugal.

Rabbi Dalin also shows that the religious leader who was the greatest enemy and persecutor of the Jewish people in the Second World War was in fact the Mufti of Jerusalem, who was in constant touch with the Nazi leaders and a friend of Himmler, and whose constant urging upon them of a policy of extermination may well have been crucial in bringing about the decision to proceed with the Holocaust—the decision was made at the Wannsee conference, two months after the Mufti’s initial meeting with Hitler.

Adolf Eichmann’s deputy, Dieter Wisliceny, said at the Nuremberg trails that the Mufti was “one of Eichmann’s best friends and had constantly incited him to accelerate the extermination measures”. On a visit to Auschwitz he told the guards at the gas chambers to “work more diligently.” Among other activities he recruited a Muslim SS unit, the “Hanjar Troopers”, who murdered 90 per cent of Bosnia’s Jews as well as, while the going was good, countless Christians. He made regular broadcasts on Berlin radio, exhorting his audience to “Kill the Jews wherever you find them.”

Rabbi Daniel Lapin, President of Towards Tradition, writes of this book:

“Courage is contagious, so clutch this book close to your heart. Righting great wrongs requires great courage, and that is what The Myth of Hitler’s Pope delivers. With devastating effectiveness, Dr Dalin exposes their motives and subdues the assailants who with rashness and folly attempt posthumously to assassinate Pope Pius XII. This restoration of a good man’s good name is a mitzvah—a Jewish good deed.”





we vonden ook een erg genuanceerde Joodse bron:

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/anti-semitism/pius.html



Pope Pius XII and the Holocaust

By Shira Schoenberg


The Early Years
Cries for Help
Papal Reasons and Responses
The Pope Protests
The Politics Behind the Policy
Recent Developments
Conclusion

Pope Pius XII's (1876-1958) actions during the Holocaust remain controversial. For much of the war, he maintained a public front of indifference and remained silent while German atrocities were committed. He refused pleas for help on the grounds of neutrality, while making statements condemning injustices in general. Privately, he sheltered a small number of Jews and spoke to a few select officials, encouraging them to help the Jews.

The Early Years

The Pope was born in 1876 in Rome as Eugenio Pacelli. He studied philosophy at the Gregorian University, learned theology at Sant Apollinare and was ordained in 1899. He entered the Secretariat of State for the Vatican in 1901, became a cardinal in 1929 and was appointed Secretary of State in 1930.

Pacelli lived in Germany from 1917, when he was appointed Papal Nuncio in Bavaria, until 1929. He knew what the Nazi party stood for, and was elected Pope in 1939 having said very little about Adolf Hitler’s ideology beyond a 1935 speech describing the Nazis as “miserable plagiarists who dress up old errors with new tinsel.” Pacelli told 250,000 pilgrims at Lourdes on April 28, “It does not make any difference whether they flock to the banners of the social revolution, whether they are guided by a false conception of the world and of life, or whether they are possessed by the superstition of a race and blood cult.”

Even as Cardinal, Pacelli's actions regarding Hitler were controversial. Hitler took power on January 30, 1933. On July 20 that same year, Pacelli and German diplomat Franz Von Papen signed a concordat that granted freedom of practice to the Roman Catholic Church. In return, the Church agreed to separate religion from politics. This diminished the influence of the Catholic Center Party and the Catholic Labor unions. The concordat was generally viewed as a diplomatic victory for Hitler.(1)

Pacelli was elected Pope on March 2, 1939, and took the name Pius XII. As Pope, he had three official positions. He was head of his church and was in direct communication with bishops everywhere. He was chief of state of the Vatican, with his own diplomatic corps. He was also the Bishop of Rome. In theory, at least, his views could influence 400 million Catholics, including those in all the occupied eastern territories - the Poles, Baltics, Croatians, Slovaks and others.(2)

As soon as he was appointed Pope, Pacelli did speak out against the 1938 Italian racial laws that dealt with mixed marriages and children of mixed marriages.(3) However, he issued no such condemnation of Kristallnacht (the night of broken glass) which occurred in November 1938, and which recent evidence shows he was informed of by Berlin's papal nuncio. As the security of the Jewish population became more precarious, Pius XII did intervene the month he was elected Pope, March 1939, and obtained 3,000 visas to enter Brazil for European Jews who had been baptized and converted to Catholicism. Two-thirds of these were later revoked, however, because of "improper conduct," probably meaning that the Jews started practicing Judaism once in Brazil. At that time, the Pope did nothing to save practicing Jews.(4)

Cries for Help

Throughout the Holocaust, Pius XII was consistently besieged with pleas for help on behalf of the Jews.

In the spring of 1940, the Chief Rabbi of Palestine, Isaac Herzog, asked the papal Secretary of State, Cardinal Luigi Maglione to intercede to keep Jews in Spain from being deported to Germany. He later made a similar request for Jews in Lithuania. The papacy did nothing.(5)

Within the Pope's own church, Cardinal Theodor Innitzer of Vienna told Pius XII about Jewish deportations in 1941. In 1942, the Slovakian charge d'affaires, a position under the supervision of the Pope, reported to Rome that Slovakian Jews were being systematically deported and sent to death camps.(6)

In October 1941, the Assistant Chief of the U.S. delegation to the Vatican, Harold Tittman, asked the Pope to condemn the atrocities. The response came that the Holy See wanted to remain "neutral," and that condemning the atrocities would have a negative influence on Catholics in German-held lands.(7)

In late August 1942, after more than 200,000 Ukrainian Jews had been killed, Ukrainian Metropolitan Andrej Septyckyj wrote a long letter to the Pope, referring to the German government as a regime of terror and corruption, more diabolical than that of the Bolsheviks. The Pope replied by quoting verses from Psalms and advising Septyckyj to "bear adversity with serene patience."(8)

On September 18, 1942, Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini, the future Pope Paul VI, wrote, "The massacres of the Jews reach frightening proportions and forms."(9) Yet, that same month when Myron Taylor, U.S. representative to the Vatican, warned the Pope that his silence was endangering his moral prestige, the Secretary of State responded on the Pope's behalf that it was impossible to verify rumors about crimes committed against the Jews.(10)

Wladislaw Raczkiewicz, president of the Polish government-in-exile, appealed to the Pope in January 1943 to publicly denounce Nazi violence. Bishop Preysing of Berlin did the same, at least twice. Pius XII refused.(11)

Papal Reasons and Responses

The Pope finally gave a reason for his consistent refusals to make a public statement in December 1942. The Allied governments issued a declaration, "German Policy of Extermination of the Jewish Race," which stated that there would be retribution for the perpetrators of Jewish murders. When Tittman asked Secretary of State Maglione if the Pope could issue a similar proclamation, Maglione said the papacy was "unable to denounce publicly particular atrocities."(12) One reason for this position was that the staunchly anti-communist Pope felt he could not denounce the Nazis without including the Communists; therefore, Pius XII would only condemn general atrocities.(13)

The Pope did speak generally against the extermination campaign. On January 18, 1940, after the death toll of Polish civilians was estimated at 15,000, the Pope said in a broadcast, "The horror and inexcusable excesses committed on a helpless and a homeless people have been established by the unimpeachable testimony of eye-witnesses."(14) During his Christmas Eve radio broadcast in 1942, he referred to the "hundreds of thousands who through no fault of their own, and solely because of their nation or race, have been condemned to death or progressive extinction."(15) The Pope never mentioned the Jews by name.

The Pope's indifference to the mistreatment of Jews was often clear. In 1941, for example, after being asked by French Marshal Henri Philippe Petain if the Vatican would object to anti-Jewish laws, Pius XII answered that the church condemned racism, but did not repudiate every rule against the Jews.(16) When Petain's French puppet government introduced "Jewish statutes," the Vichy ambassador to the Holy See informed Petain that the Vatican did not consider the legislation in conflict with Catholic teachings, as long as they were carried out with "charity" and "justice."(17)

In a September 1940 broadcast, the Vatican called its policy "neutrality," but stated in the same broadcast that where morality was involved, no neutrality was possible.(18) This could only imply that mass murder was not a moral issue.

On September 8, 1943, the Nazis invaded Italy and, suddenly, the Vatican was the local authority. The Nazis gave the Jews 36 hours to come up with 50 kilograms of gold or else the Nazis would take 300 hostages. The Vatican was willing to loan 15 kilos, an offer that eventually proved unnecessary when the Jews obtained an extension for the delivery.(19)

Pius XII knew that Jewish deportations from Italy were impending. The Vatican even found out from SS First Lieutenant Kurt Gerstein the fate of those who were to be deported.(20) Publicly, the Pope stayed silent. Privately, Pius did instruct Catholic institutions to take in Jews. The Vatican itself hid 477 Jews and another 4,238 Jews were protected in Roman monasteries and convents.(21)

On October 16, the Nazis arrested 1,007 Roman Jews, the majority of whom were women and children. They were taken to Auschwitz, where 811 were gassed immediately. Of those sent to the concentration camp, 16 survived.(22)

The Pope Protests

The Pope did act behind the scenes on occasion. During the German occupation of Hungary in March 1944, he, along with the papal nuncio in Budapest, Angelo Rotta, advised the Hungarian government to be moderate in its plans concerning the treatment of the Jews. Pius XII protested against the deportation of Jews and, when his protests were not heeded, he cabled again and again.(23) The Pope's demands, combined with similar protests from the King of Sweden, the International Red Cross, Britain and the United States contributed to the decision by the Hungarian regent, Admiral Miklos Horthy, to cease deportations on July 8, 1944.(24)

In the later stages of the war, Pius XII appealed to several Latin American governments to accept “emergency passports” that several thousand Jews had succeeded in obtaining. Due to the efforts of the Pope and the U.S. State Department, 13 Latin American countries decided to honor these documents, despite threats from the Germans to deport the passport holders.(25)

The Church also answered a request to save 6,000 Jewish children in Bulgaria by helping to transfer them to Palestine. At the same time, however, Cardinal Maglione wrote to the apostolic delegate in Washington, A.G. Cicognani, saying this did not mean the Pope supported Zionism.(26)

The Politics Behind the Policy

Historians point out that any support the Pope did give the Jews came after 1942, once U.S. officials told him that the allies wanted total victory, and it became likely that they would get it. Furthering the notion that any intervention by Pius XII was based on practical advantage rather than moral inclination is the fact that in late 1942, Pius XII began to advise the German and Hungarian bishops that it would be to their ultimate political advantage to go on record as speaking out against the massacre of the Jews. (27)

One of the only cases in which the Pope gave early support to the allies was in May 1940. He received information about a German plan, Operation Yellow, to lay mines to deter British naval support of Holland. Pius XII gave his permission to send coded radio messages warning papal nuncios in Brussels and The Hague of the plot. The German radio monitoring services decoded the broadcast and went ahead with the plan.(28) This papal intervention is surprising due to the Pope's persistent claim of neutrality, and his silence regarding almost all German atrocities.

Recent Developments

The International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission (ICJHC), a group comprised of three Jewish and three Catholic scholars, was appointed in 1999 by the Holy See's Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews. In October of 2000, the group of scholars finished their review of the Vatican's archives, and submitted their preliminary findings to the Comission's then-President, Cardinal Edward I Cassidy. Their report, entitled "The Vatican and the Holocaust," laid to rest several of the conventional defenses of Pope Pius XII.

The often-espoused view that the Pontiff was unaware of the seriousness of the situation of European Jewry during the war was definitively found to be inaccurate. Numerous documents demonstrated that the Pope was well-informed about the full extent of the Nazi's anti-Semitic practices. A letter from Konrad von Preysing, Bishop of Berlin, that proved that the Pope was aware of the situation as early as January of 1941, particularly caught the attention of the commission. In that letter, Preysing confirms that "Your Holiness is certainly informed about the situation of the Jews in Germany and the neighboring countries. I wish to mention that I have been asked both from the Catholic and Protestant side if the Holy See could not do something on this subject...in favor of these unfortunates." The letter, which was a direct appeal to the Pope himself, without intermediaries, provoked no response. In 1942, an even more compelling eyewitness account of the mass-murder of Jews in Lwow was sent to the Pope by an archbishop; this, too, garnered no response.

The commission also revealed several documents that cast a negative light on the claim that the Vatican did all it could to facilitate emigration of the Jews out of Europe. Internal notes meant only for Vatican representatives revealed the opposition of Vatican officials to Jewish emigration from Europe to Palestine. "The Holy See has never approved of the project of making Palestine a Jewish home...[because] Palestine is by now holier for Catholics than for Jews." Some Catholic higher-ups violated this position of the Vatican by helping Jews to immigrate when they were able to; most did not.

Similarly, the attempts of Jews to escape from Europe to South America were sometimes thwarted by the Vatican. Vatican representatives in Bolivia and Chile wrote to the pontiff regarding the "invasive" and "cynically exploitative" character of the Jewish immigrants, who were already engaged in "dishonest dealings, violence, immorality, and even disrespect for religion." The commission concluded that these accounts probably biased Pius against aiding more Jews in immigrating away from Nazi Europe.

The claim that the Vatican needed to remain neutral in the war has also been refuted in recent months. In January of 2001, a document recently declassified by the U.S. National Archives was discovered by the World Jewish Congress. The document was a report in which Monsignor Giovanni Battista Montini, Pope Pius XII's secretary of state, detailed and denounced several abuses committed by the Soviet Army against German inhabitants of the Soviet Union. The report was widely viewed as demonstrating that the Vatican had no compunctions about speaking out against atrocities, even when doing so would violate neutrality.

The preliminary report released by the IJCHC also asked the Vatican for access to non-published archival documents to more fully investigate the Pope's role in the Holocaust. This request was refused by the Vatican, which allowed them access only to documents from before 1923. As a result, the Commission suspended its study in July 2001, without issuing a final report. Dr. Michael Marrus, one of the three Jewish panelists and a professor of history at the University of Toronto, expained that the commission "ran up against a brick wall.... It would have been really halpful to have had support from the Holy See on this issue."(29)

In 2004, news was disclosed of a diary kept by James McDonald, the League of Nations high commissioner for refugees coming from Germany. In 1933, McDonald raised the treatment of the Jews with then Cardinal Pacelli, who was the Vatican secretary of state. McDonald was specifically interested in helping a group of Jewish refugees in the Saar region, a territory claimed by France and Germany that was turned over to the Germans in 1935. The Pope's defenders cite his intercession on these Jews' behalf as evidence of his sympathy for Jews persecuted by the Nazis. According to McDonald, however, when he disccused the matter with Pacelli, “The response was noncommittal, but left me with the definite impression that no vigorous cooperation could be expected.”(30) Pacelli did intercede in January 1935 to help the Jews, but only after McDonald agreed that American Jews would use their influence in Washington to protect church properties that were being threatened by the Mexican government.(31)

In 2005, the Italian daily, Corriere della Sera, discovered a letter dated November 20, 1946, showing that Pope Pius XII ordered Jewish babies baptized by Catholics during the Holocaust not to be returned to their parents. Some scholars said the disclosure was not new and that the Pope's behavior was not remarkable. The more important story, according to Rabbi David Rosen, international director of interreligious affairs for the American Jewish Committee, was that one of the recipients of the letter, Angelo Roncalli, the papal representative in Paris, ignored the papal directive.(32)

In 2006, an Israeli scholar, Dina Porat, discovered correspondence between Haim Barlas, an emissary of the Jewish Agency sent to Europe to save Jews in the 1940s, and Giuseppe Roncalli, who later became Pope John XXIII. Roncalli expressed criticism of the Vatican’s silence during the war. In June 1944, Barlas sent Roncalli a copy of a report compiled by two Jews who escaped from Auschwitz documenting the mass murder at the camp. Roncalli forwarded the report to the Vatican, which had claimed it did not know about the report until October. Earlier, Roncalli had written to the president of Slovakia at the behest of Barlas asking him to stop the Nazi deportations of Jews.(33)

Conclusion

The Pope's reaction to the Holocaust was complex and inconsistent. At times, he tried to help the Jews and was successful. But these successes only highlight the amount of influence he might have had, if he not chosen to remain silent on so many other occasions. No one knows for sure the motives behind Pius XII's actions, or lack thereof, since the Vatican archives have only been fully opened to select researchers. Historians offer many reasons why Pope Pius XII was not a stronger public advocate for the Jews: A fear of Nazi reprisals, a feeling that public speech would have no effect and might harm the Jews, the idea that private intervention could accomplish more, the anxiety that acting against the German government could provoke a schism among German Catholics, the church's traditional role of being politically neutral and the fear of the growth of communism were the Nazis to be defeated.(34) Whatever his motivation, it is hard to escape the conclusion that the Pope, like so many others in positions of power and influence, could have done more to save the Jews.



uit deze bronnen blijkt eveneens dat de figuur van Pius XII niet helemaal onbesproken is en dat er vele vragen onbeantwoord blijven. Maar het is in elk geval ook duidelijk dat het zeker geen Hitlerfanaat was en evenmin dat hij totaal ongevoelig was voor het drama dat de europese joden overkwam.
Er zal dus nog veel, hopelijk proper, water door de Zenne stromen en er zullen nog vele documenten moeten bestudeerd worden vooraleer we onjs een duidelijk beeld kunnen vormen over de rol van de oorlogspaus. Maar wij doen dus niet mee met diegenen die in het linkse kamp allerlei theoriën verkondeigen over een zogenaamde nazipaus. Dat ze die paus willen heilig verklaren is echt ons ding niet. Maar als het klopt dat Hitler opdracht zou hebben geven om hem te laten onvoeren ergens in 1943 en op die manier de katholieken en hun kerk rechtstreeks aan te vallen, dan kan het moeilijk anders dan dat er sommigen in Pius XII een soort redder van het geloof zien. En dat is dan ook weer erg overdreven, zullen we maar zeggen. Wij hebben in elk geval meer begrip voor de moeilijke positie van de paus dan voor het gekonkelfoes tussen de toenmalige CIA (OSS) en notoire jodenvervolers als Karl Wolff. En we zullen nog terugkomen op de verdere rol die oss heeft gespeeld in het uit het land smokkelen van nazimisdadigers. In elk geval zijn zij veel aktiever geweest dan de paus. Het is ook "bon ton" te beweren dat het vaticaan meegeholpen heeft met die bewuste ontsnappingsroute die gekend werd als odessa en de spin. In elk geval zijn er andere organisaties die handig genoeg waren om heel wat oorlogsmidadigers uit het land te smokkelen...

23-12-2009 om 23:30 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Het probleem van de Brusselse waterzuivering begint pas...
eindelijk krijgen we de mening van een expert over de problemen rond het waterzuiveringsstation Brussel-Noord. En deze mening heeft het voordeel duidelijk en zeer begrijpelijk te zijn. Zo hebben we ze graag...

http://www.standaard.be/artikel/detail.aspx?artikelid=3H2K2PGV&word=waterzuivering


‘Aquiris heeft problemen zelf gezocht'

  • woensdag 23 december 2009

  • Auteur: Pieter Lesaffer

BRUSSEL - ‘Bij de bouw van het waterzuiveringsstation Brussel-Noord zijn conceptfouten gemaakt', zegt Guy Dries, specialist waterzuivering. ‘In een poging de prijs te drukken heeft exploitant Aquiris verkeerde keuzes gemaakt. De gevolgen zijn nu pijnlijk duidelijk.'

Van onze redacteur

‘Aquiris heeft de problemen met het waterzuiveringsstation zelf gezocht. Dat elf dagen lang ongezuiverd afvalwater in de Zenne is gestroomd, is daar een pijnlijk gevolg van.'

Ingenieur Guy Dries is verontwaardigd over het stilleggen van het waterzuiveringsstation Brussel-Noord, en vooral over de argumenten die exploitant Aquiris daarvoor heeft gebruikt. Dries werkt al twintig jaar bij de Vlaamse watermaatschappij Aquafin, maar spreekt in persoonlijke naam. ‘Ik vind het gewoon belangrijk om het welles-nietesspelletje te overstijgen, en onafhankelijke informatie te geven.'

De Brusselse minister van Leefmilieu, Evelyne Huytebroeck (Ecolo), en Aquiris, de publiekprivate exploitant van het zuiveringsstation geven elkaar de schuld voor de vervuiling van de Zenne tussen 8 en 19december. In die periode lag het zuiveringsstation volledig stil.

Volgens de uitbater zit in het binnenstromende afvalwater meer puin en zand dan bij de bouw van het station vanaf 2001 was voorzien, en tastte dat de installatie aan. Minister Huytebroeck spreekt dat tegen. ‘Het water is de voorbije jaren niet veranderd', is haar verdediging. ‘Aquiris had met deze waterkwaliteit rekening moeten houden, en moet dus betalen voor de schade die het zand aan de installaties toebrengt.'

‘Ik spreek me niet uit over de verantwoordelijkheid', zegt Guy Dries. ‘Ik weet wel dat het argument van Aquiris over het zand op niets slaat. In elk waterzuiveringsstation stroomt zand in het afvalwater binnen. Dat is in Brussel niet meer dan in Gent en Antwerpen.'

‘Het probleem is dat Aquiris voor de goedkoopste oplossing heeft gekozen, namelijk dompelpompen, en niet voor Archimedesschroeven (vijzels). Die schroeven zijn twee tot drie keer duurder, maar wegens hun duurzaamheid worden die in alle waterzuiveringsstations vanaf een bepaalde grootte gebruikt. Zelfs in het station van Deurne worden dergelijke vijzels gebruikt, en dat bedient 200.000 inwoners (tegenover 1,1 miljoen in Brussel-Noord, red.).'

‘Als Aquiris voor deze optie had gekozen, dan waren er nu geen problemen met instromend zand, want vijzels zijn veel robuuster, en dus beter tegen zand bestand.'

‘Ook voor de slibbehandeling is de verkeerde optie gekozen. Aquiris heeft schachtpompen met een schroef gebruikt, terwijl ook hier vijzels beter waren geweest. Via die schachtpompen klitten vochtige doekjes bijvoorbeeld samen tot slierten, die de motor blokkeren.'

De bouw van het waterzuiveringsstation heeft tweehonderd miljoen euro gekost, onder toezicht van het Brussels Gewest. Veolia, het Franse moederbedrijf van Aquiris, is naar eigen zeggen in 57 landen actief en helpt wereldwijd 108 miljoen mensen aan drinkwater of met het zuiveren van hun afvalwater. Hoe is het dan toch fout kunnen lopen?

‘Veolia heeft vooral een expertise op het vlak van drinkwater. Dus dat zou een verklaring kunnen zijn. Los daarvan is het duidelijk dat voor de goedkoopste oplossing is gekozen, en niet de meest duurzame.'

‘Daarnaast heeft het Brussels Gewest nooit expertise opgebouwd in waterzuivering, en kan het dus moeilijk doorgedreven controles doen. Dat is geen verwijt, maar wel een vaststelling.'

Aquiris klaagt ook over brokstukken, kabels en bakstenen die via de Brusslse riolen het station binnenkomen, en er de installaties blokkeren.

‘Ik begrijp niet hoe die brokstukken het station binnen kunnen komen. Een rooster houdt die grote stukken toch tegen? In alle waterzuiveringsstations zijn er brokstukken. Precies daarom zijn er roosters en putten waarin die worden opgevangen.'

‘Wel opvallend is de grootte van die brokstukken. Aquiris spreekt van stukken beton. Maar het is fysiek bijna onmogelijk dat die door het water meegesleurd worden. Dat dergelijke grote stukken door de kracht van het water enkele meter opschuiven, kan ik begrijpen. Maar kilometerslang doorheen de rioleringen lijkt me onwaarschijnlijk.'

‘Daarom kan het volgens mij niet anders dan dat er sabotage in het spel is. Maar wie of wat, kan ik niet zeggen. Dat is aan het gerecht om uit te zoeken.'

Hoe moet het nu verder?

‘Het waterzuiveringsstation dat er nu staat is in ieder geval bricolage, die de belastingbetaler veel geld kost. Want de bouw heeft door de gemaakte keuzes misschien minder geld gekost, maar de uitbating is des te duurder. Zo moeten de pompen om de zoveel maanden worden herzien. Mocht Aquiris voor duurzaam materiaal hebben gekozen, dan moest dat nazicht maar om de paar jaar gebeuren. Wat de beste oplossing voor de toekomst is, is een politieke keuze.'


Voilà...en we vernemen in de zelfde krant nu ook dat Aquiris in financiële moeilijkheden zit. Dus is het probleem verre van opgelost zullen we dan maar besluiten!


'Aquiris op de rand van faillissement'

  • woensdag 23 december 2009

  • Auteur: pl
'Aquiris op de rand van faillissement'

'Aquiris op de rand van faillissement'

hrb

BRUSSEL - Het bedrijf Aquiris, uitbater van het waterzuiveringsstation Brussel-Noord, staat op de rand van het faillissement. Dat zegt het kabinet van Brussels minister van Leefmilieu Evelyne Huytebroeck.

Volgens het kabinet van Huytebroeck (Ecolo) heeft Aquiris zware financiële problemen. Aquiris is de exploitant van het waterzuiveringsstation Brussel-Noord, en heeft al anderhalf jaar een conflict met Huytebroeck over de vraag wie moet betalen om de schade te betalen die het teveel aan zand dat installatie binnenstroomt, veroorzaakt.

Aquiris wil officieel 'niet ingaan op deze geruchten'. Volgens andere bronnen moet de uitspraak van de omgeving van Huytebroeck gezien worden als een strategische zet in het conflict om de kosten voor de zandschade. Aquiris zou het financieel inderdaad wat moeilijk hebben, onder meer omdat het Brussels Gewest dit jaar een deel van haar jaarlijkse bijdrage niet betaalt. Maar van problemen zou geen sprake zijn. Aquiris is een dochter van de Franse multinational Veolia, en zou zo goed ingedekt zijn tegen financiële problemen.

'Wat ook de financiële situatie van Aquiris moge zijn, de holding Veolia Water zal de financiële verplichtingen van al haar dochterondernemingen garanderen, zoals ze altijd heeft gedaan', meldt Veolia Water in een kort persbericht.


23-12-2009 om 21:22 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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22-12-2009
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Rosie Flores
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen lang geleden dat we nog eens een dame op het podium hebben getild

Rosie Flores

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_JU9B-9tPyw&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sbzWij1x_0M&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ehUd9wFR1mY&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TO72HdxC4Qk&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RU9evQ8w2FE&feature=related


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ozQp3WpJIg&feature=related


22-12-2009 om 23:21 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Operatie Sunrise
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen Gisteren vermeldden we reeds Operatie Sunrise of de geheime onderhandelingen tussen de Amerikanen, Zwitsers en af en toe watpogingen tot inmenging vanwege de Russen enerzijds en de Wehrmacht en de SS die het bevel voerden over Noord-Italië anderzijds. Van deze laatste zijn we niet overtuigd dat ze geen dubbele rol speelden door de onderhandelingen zo lang te laten aanslepen tot ze wisten dat het plan van de Alpenvesting en een eventuele ontsnapping uit Berlijn van Hitler naar Berchtesgaden definitief werd opgegeven. Hitler besloot tenslotte Berlijn als laatste bolwerk te behoeden met alle gevolgen van dien. Het is trouwens opmerkelijk dat de definitieve overgave bijna volledig samenvalt met de zelfmoord van Hitler op 30 april 1945.

Een uitgebreid en zeer goed gedocumenteerd overzicht van operatie Sunrise waar de voorloper van de latere CIA het OSS een belangrijke rol heeft gespeeld samen met onze bekende "vriend" Karl Wolff kan je lezen - en het is een echte aanrader voor lezertjes die dachten dat alles zwart en wit was met langs de ene kant de slechteriken zoals de SS en langs de andere kant de goeie geallieerden...- in dit document: http://www.stephenhalbrook.com/law_review_articles/sunrise.pdf

Hier is ook een mooi beeld te vormen van de Duitse plannen om zich uiteindelijk terug te trekken in hun zogenaamde Alpenvesting rond Berchtesgaden, de invloed van de Zwitserse diplomatie en het trachten te verhinderen dat de Russen te grote delen van Oostenrijk, Italië en zelfs Frankrijk zouden innemen met hulp van sommige partizanen. Als je dan merkt dat nadien figuren als Karl Wolff een zeer lichte straf hebben opgelopen ondanks hun zeer duidelijke rol in de massale uitroeiïng van Italiaanse joden dan begint men toch wel zware twijfels te krijgen ...
Morgen zoeken we verder uit of Pius XII nu wel een Hitlerbewonderaar was...
In elk geval is nu reeds duidelijk dat het Jodenvraagstuk de Amerikanen weinig interesseerde anders hadden ze figu!ren als Wolff ook anders laten berechten in het fampeuse proces van Nurnberg

In elk geval is operatie Sunrise een mooi voorbeeld van wat de geschiedenisboekskes ons NIET leren...


22-12-2009 om 23:12 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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21-12-2009
Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Billy Lee Riley
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen
Billy Lee Riley



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WvM_6OTUa0U&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rMGHSjsYPIw&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wAs2fL2olSs&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iqHyfP9v65Y&feature=related



21-12-2009 om 23:56 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

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Klik hier om een link te hebben waarmee u dit artikel later terug kunt lezen.Pius XII en de vuile was van de CIA
Klik op de afbeelding om de link te volgen Nu er weer volop proper water door onze geliefde Zenne stroomt zullen we ons focussen op andere onderwerpen zoals daar zijn de toekomstige zaligverklaring van Pius XII, beter bekend onder het pseudoniem "Hitlers paus". Terecht of onterecht?
We beginnen met een verwijzing naar een pro-Pius website die wordt volgeschreven door de Fighting Nun namelijk Sister Margherita Marchione

Die vechtnon beweert zelfs dat Pius XII Joden heeft opgenomen in zijn eigen appartementen dus zeker de moeite waard om te lezen maar we missen wel wat getuigenissen van de betrokken joden zelf. Het is niet onze gewoonte voor waar aan te nemen wat nonnen of andere "specialisten" beweren zonder enig bewijs. Maar lees gerust de website van Margherita:
http://www.piusxiipope.info/

Een andere site die met hand en tand Pius XII verdedigt komt eveneens uit vrouwelijke katholieke hoek en draagt de wondermooie naam: les femmes, the truth
http://lesfemmes-thetruth.blogspot.com/2009/12/pope-pius-xii-declared-venerable.html

Deze site maakt zelfs bekend dat de nazi's van plan waren oàm Pius XII te ontvoeren...
http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0703108.htm en dit verhaal willen we jullie niet onthouden:


New book details Hitler plot to kidnap pope, foiled by Nazi general

By Nancy Frazier O'Brien
Catholic News Service

WASHINGTON (CNS) -- An SS general close to Adolf Hitler foiled a plot to kidnap Pope Pius XII during World War II and to put the Vatican and its treasures under Nazi control, according to a new book.

The book, "A Special Mission" by Dan Kurzman, refutes arguments that Pope Pius XII maintained a public silence about Nazi actions during World War II because he was anti-Semitic or because he was sympathetic toward Hitler.

"They were bitter, bitter enemies. They despised each other," said Kurzman of the pontiff and the fuhrer in a May 31 telephone interview with Catholic News Service. The pope hated Hitler "not only for his inhumanity but because he threatened the whole church structure."

Hitler, for his part, "saw the pope as his greatest enemy" and as someone with whom he was "competing for the minds and souls that he wanted to control," the author added.

Kurzman also said he found no evidence that Pope Pius was anti-Semitic, noting that one of his closest childhood friends was a Jewish boy with whom he remained in contact throughout his life.

The book, published June 1 by Da Capo Press in Cambridge, Mass., is subtitled "Hitler's Secret Plot to Seize the Vatican and Kidnap Pope Pius XII." It details the actions of SS Gen. Karl Wolff, chief of staff to SS Chief Heinrich Himmler, in the months after the overthrow of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini in July 1943.

Describing Wolff as one of "history's most successful opportunists," Kurzman said the general earned the "full confidence" of both Hitler, who ordered him in September 1943 to kidnap Pope Pius, and of the pontiff himself, whom Wolff warned about the plot during a secret meeting at the Vatican in May 1944.

Hitler ordered the kidnapping, according to the book, because he feared that Pope Pius would speak out about Nazi actions against the Jews, and in particular against a proposed Nazi roundup of the Jewish community in Rome. Hitler was afraid the pope's words could trigger a "revolution" against the Nazis in Italy, worldwide and even within the Germany army, about 40 percent of which was made up of Catholics.

Pope Pius, for his part, was afraid that a strong public stand against the Nazis would force Hitler to take action against the Vatican and would also endanger the many Jews being sheltered in Italian monasteries, churches and convents.

The pope's behind-the-scenes actions also brought the roundup of Roman Jews to a halt, Kurzman said. Only about 1,000 of the 8,000 Jews living in Rome at the time were deported to Nazi concentration camps, he said.

Kurzman, who worked as a foreign correspondent for The Washington Post during the 1960s and early '70s, was the first journalist to interview Wolff in 1970 after the former general was allowed to return to his home town of Darmstadt in Germany. Wolff died in 1984.

"He claimed to me that he didn't know Jews were being murdered, which was of course a lie," Kurzman said. "He tried to close his mind to the reality" of the Holocaust by saying that his job was only to get the trains to destinations like Dachau and Treblinka on time, while ignoring what was happening to those who arrived at the Nazi concentration camps, the author added.

Although the Nazis were careful not to put any details of the plot to kidnap Pope Pius XII into writing, and Kurzman has not seen materials in the Vatican Secret Archives from that period, he said the plot and other details about the pope's actions during World War II were confirmed to him by Jesuit Father Peter Gumpel, who had read the archival material as "relator," or chief investigator, for Pope Pius' sainthood cause.

Despite criticism from some Jewish groups, work on the sainthood cause for Pope Pius XII has continued in recent years. In a vote Father Gumpel called "unanimous and totally positive," the Congregation for Saints' Causes recommended May 8 that Pope Benedict XVI formally declare the World War II-era pope venerable.

Kurzman, who has written 16 other books, said he had no opinion on whether Pope Pius XII should be beatified or canonized, but wanted to clear up certain untruths contained in "Hitler's Pope," a 1999 book by English author John Cornwell.

"He was a human being and he made mistakes, but I found no evidence that he was anti-Semitic," Kurzman said of Pope Pius. He said a letter cited by Cornwell containing an anti-Semitic remark was not written by the pope but by an aide and did not reflect the pope's views.

END



ha, we vinden hier namen als SS generaal Karl Wolff en we kijken even wie deze brave borst was die zo veel geheimen kende:
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0938273/bio

Biography for
Karl Wolff (I)


Date of Birth
1900, Darmstadt, Germany

Date of Death
1984, Rossenheim, West Germany

Mini Biography

Karl Wolff was born in 1900 to a privileged family in the city of Darmstadt, Germany. During the First World War, Wolff was commissioned an officer in 1918 and served in the Hessian Infantry Regiment. Lieutenant Wolff was one of the youngest officers ever commissioned, having received his rank at the age of 17, and had also been awarded the Iron Cross First Class. In 1920, Wolff left the now demobilized German Army and became a small Time businessman. In 1931, drawn by Nazi ideals of a reborn and again powerful Germany, Wolff joined the Nazi Party and also applied for membership in the SS. He was accepted as a member in July of 1931 and assigned the SS number 14235. Wolff served in an SS mustering formation in Munich, quickly rising through the enlisted ranks and being commissioned an SS-Sturmfüher (Lieutenant) in February 1932. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, Wolff was promoted to SS-Captain and briefly served as an SS military liaison officer to the German Army. In June of that year, Wolff was personally recruited by the SS Commander Heinrich Himmler to head the new office of the Reichsführer's Personal Staff. Wolff became Himmler's adjutant on June 15, 1933 and received an unprecedented number of promotions through his new position. By the start of 1937, Wolff had risen to the rank of SS-Gruppenführer (Lieutenant General) and was considered as third in command of the entire SS. During the Second World War, Wolff remained in his job as Himmler's adjutant, but soon began losing authority and power as disagreements developed with Himmler and also Wolff began to fall under the shadow of the number two man in the SS, Reinhard Heydrich. In 1942, Wolff was made a full SS-General (Obergruppenführer) but dismissed by Himmler as Chief of Staff to the Reichsführer. Wolff, however, did manage a comeback as Adolf Hitler personally granted him equivalent General's rank in the Waffen-SS and assigned him as an SS adjutant to the Italian Government in 1943. When Italy surrendered to the Allies later that year, Germany occupied the country and Wolff became the Supreme SS and Police Leader of Italy. At the start of 1945, Wolff (who was now acting military commander of Italy) extended secret negotiation requests to the Allies and thus hastened the end of the war in Italy by surrendering the country to the Allies on May 2, 1945. Wolff was taken into American custody, although was allowed to escape trial as an SS-General and leading Nazi, by providing evidence against his fellow Nazis at Nuremberg, in 1946. In 1947, Karl Wolff retired to private life, however the West German government soon arrested Wolff for war crimes in 1949, sentencing him to four years in prison. Wolff was again arrested in 1964, after evidence presented at the Adolf Eichmann trial, in Israel, had revealed that Wolff had organized the deportation of Italian Jews to the Nazi death camps in 1944. Wolff was sentenced to fifteen years in prison but only served half of this term and was released in 1971. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, Karl Wolff became very popular amongst historical and academic groups as Wolff frequently lectured on the internal workings of the SS and his life as a personal associate of Heinrich Himmler. As one of the only surviving top SS-Generals from World War II, Wolff can also be seen on several documentary films, such as the "The World at War" (1973) miniseries and several 1980s documentaries on the History of the SS. Wolff was also portrayed as 'General Max Helm' in the motion picture The Scarlet and the Black (1983) (TV), staring Gregory Peck. Karl Wolff died 1984 in Rosenheim, West Germany.




en die Karl Wolff lijkt een zeer eigenaardig beestje als we deze website mogen geloven. Een website die trouwens de theorie van de pauselijke ontvoering ook naar voren schuift. In elk geval lijkt Wolff hier als een heel handig ventje uit de ganse geschiedenis te komen....en dan vooral een geschiedenis waarover wij in de officiële boekskes weinig hebben gelezen. Maar laten we toch maar voorzichtig zijn met deze versie die ons wel interessant lijkt maar we zijn geen wetenschappers...in elk geval pleit deze versie in het voordeel van Pius XII maar vooral ook in het nadeel van anderen maar lees het zelf maar na:
http://www.wehrmacht-awards.com/forums/showthread.php?t=14693

First of all I would like to state for the record Wolff was not awarded the RK, nor is his name spelled WOLF.

If there is one man that I know, it happens to be Karl Wolff. This is a document that I helped compose some time back, please read carefully. Some of the information here I have come across in research, and other things I have a been told.

Oh, by the way, I have a question for you! Would you believe me if I told you that my Step-Father is his nephew!

I have about 20-25 military photos of Wolff that are on my computer at the moment. If you would like to see these, please do not hesitate to ask. Thank you.

William Kramer


Heinrich Himmler, Leader of the Waffen SS and Chief of the German Police, who administered the SS and police through central offices.


In 1944 there were 12 central offices:


Personal Staff of the Reich Leader SS, headed by Karl Wolff



SS Central Office headed by Gottlob Berger, for Waffen SS reinforcements



Central Office for Operations, headed by Hans Jüttner, to administer the General SS and command the Waffen SS



Central Office for Race and Settlement, headed by Richard Hildebrandt, to watch over the racial purity of the SS



Central Office SS Court, headed by Franz Breithaupt, to administer military justice in the SS and police



Central Office for Personnel, headed by Maximilian Von Herff



Central Office for Reich Security, headed by Reinhard Heydrich and later Ernst Kaltenbrunner



Central Office of the Order Police, headed by Kurt Daluege



Central Office for Economy and Administration, headed by Oswald Pohl



Heißmeyer Office, headed by August Heißmeyer, for political education



Ethnic German Aid Office, headed by Werner Lorenz, to organize aid for ethnic Germans



Central Office of the Reich Commissar for the Strengthening of German



Ethnicity headed by Ulrich Greifelt, for the resettlement of ethnic Germans.


Karl Friedrich Otto Wolff “Wolfchen” (1900 - 1984)



SS-Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen SS



Born: 13. May 1900 in Darmstadt / Hessen.
Died: 17. Jul. 1984 in Rosenheim / Bayern.


Commander of the German forces (Wehrmacht) who occupied Italy

(Heer - Army) (Polizei - Police) and the Waffen SS

Headquarters: Rome, Verona, and Bolzano

NSDAP # 695 131 (Joined 7. Oct. 1931)
SS # 14 235 (Joined ?? 18. Feb. 1932 ??)




Promotions:


SS-Obergruppenführer and general of the Waffen SS: 30. Jan. 1942



Generalleutnant of the Waffen SS: 3. May 1940



SS-Gruppenführer: 30. Jan. 1937



SS-Brigadeführer: 9. Nov. 1935



SS-Oberführer: 4. Jul. 1934



SS-Standartenführer: 20. Apr. 1934



SS-Obersturmbannführer: 30. Jan. 1934



SS-Sturmbannführer: 9. Nov. 1933



SS-Sturmhauptführer: 30. Jan. 1933


SS-Sturmfuhrer: 18. Feb. 1932.




Career:

23. Sep. 1943 relieved of the personal Chief of staff for Heinrich Himmler “Reichsführer-SS”


(duties undertaken by a deputy from 18. Sep. 1943)

(head of Himmler’s personal staff from Nov. 1936)



8. Jun. 1939 - May 1945
Chief adjutant of the Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler


Personal Adjutant to Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler

(Nov. 1935 - Jun. 1939)



Mar. 1934 - Nov. 1935
Seated at the Reichstag in Hessen


(The Reichstag was the home of the German Parliament in Berlin.)



7. Oct. 1931.
Entered NSDAP and later, after the creation of the organization, Wolff joined the Waffen SS in Munich (Wolff first joined the Allgemeine-SS and then attended the SA Leadership School)


Decorations & Awards awarded in WWII


German Cross in (?) Gold (?) : 9. Dec. 1944

as SS Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen SS

as Supreme commander of all German forces in Italy (Heeresgruppe)

Awarded by Generalfeldmarschall Kesselring

1939 Spange to the 1914 Iron Cross 1st class
1939 Spange to the 1914 Iron Cross 2nd class


War Merit Cross 1st class with swords for combatants

War Merit Cross 2nd class with swords for combatants



Medal for the occupation of Czechoslovakia on October 1st 1938 and Prague bar



Medal for the occupation of Austria on Mach 13th 1938



Medal for the occupation of the Memel lands



NSDAP golden party badge



15 year long service award of the NSDAP (Silver)

10 year long service award of the NSDAP (Bronze)



Award for the 1936 German Olympics 1st class



German Social Welfare Decoration 1st Class



SA sports badge in Silver
SA sports badge in Bronze




SS sword of honor
SS deaths head honor ring








Wolff was also awarded the military orders as plenipotentiary of the Reich to Benito Mussolini:



Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown of Italy



Grand Cross of the Order of the Italian cross



Grand Order of Mauritius and Lazarus, Commanders Grade


In 1943, when Benito Mussolini was overthrown, the Nazis were in control of all northern Italy. It was a final chance to liquidate the Jews of Italy, a previous option that did not exist while Mussolini was in control. Benito Mussolini remained independent from Adolf Hitler’s hatred of the Jews. When Mussolini was overthrown, he could do nothing to stop the Germans from disposing of Italy’s “Jewish infestation.”
Mussolini had protected thousands of Jews with the help of Pope Pius XII, the "Pope of the Jews," before the Germans had taken complete control of the mainland of Italy.
Hitler ordered the destruction of the Vatican and the deportation of Pope Pius XII for supposedly hiding Jews from the Germans. This order was given out immediately after Mussolini had been overthrown. The Pope was to deported to Liechtenstein, a political concentration camp in late 1943 for his opposition to the greater German Reich. When Hitler ordered out this destruction, he wanted the SS to destroy the Holy Sea with "blood and fire."

In late October of 1943, there were uncertain conditions on railroad shipments and availability due to allied bombardment. The Germans could not use the axis trains located in Naples, nor could the Germans use the southern railway system. The German police forces and SS gathered nearly 8,000 Jews in Rome. Shortly after, these Jews were crowded in a small agricultural train and sent along their way to Auschwitz. This train was disguised as a shipment of grain.



Most of the German officials in Italy were swift and thorough with the
"eradication" of Jews in Italy. SS General Karl Wolff had played a key role in the
deportation of Italian Jews to Auschwitz. This was one factor that was brought up in
post war trials. Karl Wolff was responsible for the death of nearly 10,000 Italian Jews
by the end of the war. Wolff was also accused of the annihilation of all Italian partisans
in Belarus.


During September, 1943, and May1945, Wolff tried effortlessly to fight off
Partisans waging guerilla warfare in Italy. He was sentenced to 15 years of penal
servitude for these actions. On April 21, 1945 undetected Italian Partisans took
control of key Italian towns not occupied by the allies. The Partisans immediately
executed all Fascist leaders in these areas. The last remnants of Italian Fascism was
being slowly dissolved. Benito Mussolini, tried to escape Italy with his mistress, both
of which were dressed as Nazis. The two were easily recognized and were taken
prisoner, only to be hung by the Italian people. After the hanging of Mussolini and his
Mistress, the angry mob took the bodies down and beat them into a bloody pulp.


In February of 1945, SS Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff contacted Allen Dulles in Switzerland to arrange the early surrender of all axis forces in Italy. This highly secretive surrender of Italy was known as Operation Sunrise. The negotiation was conducted between Allen Dulles, former CIA director, and SS Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff. At the time Dulles was the OSS officer in Zurich, Switzerland, Wolff was located in northern Italy, making contact fairly easy.

Karl Wolff established contact with Allen Dulles and the O.S.S. through Italian and Swiss intermediaries. His negotiations behind Hitler's back in Zurich led to the early surrender of German forces in Italy. For his services he was not tried at Nuremberg and appeared as a willing prosecution witness.

At the time Wolff was a very debonair and well connected SS officer, as well as a very cunning and intelligent man. As the commander of all SS and Gestapo forces in Italy, which included all regular German police forces, Wolff controlled the destiny of many men. The agreement was to surrender Italy early and save thousands of allied and axis soldiers from long and harsh battle…this also guaranteed the SS general an easy trial after the war, with flimsy charges.

These negotiations were done behind Hitler’s back and could very well cost Wolff his own life. If he didn’t surrender to the allies, however, surely it would cost him his life. The SS General foresaw war crimes trials after the war, and he needed to have every bit of sympathy in the court system. SS Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff appeared in the Nuremberg trials, his early surrender of Italy had saved his life.

Wolff had talked secretly with General of Administration Vietinghoff-Scheel, the commander of all regular forces in Italy. If Wolff surrendered his SS and police forces, this meant that Vietinghoff-Scheel would have to fight the allies with fewer German troops. Thus the mass evacuation of German forces, and the surrender of all regular troops in Italy was arranged. On May 2, 1945, the two Generals came to a final agreement, surrendering and removing all axis forces from Italy. This included all Heer, Waffen SS, Gestapo and Polizei forces on the northern mainland.



On May 2, 1945 and nearly all of Italy was under allied control, the UN-conditional surrender of Italy was underway three days later. Plenipotentiaries to General Vietinghoff-Scheel and SS General Karl Wolff signed the papers. Wolff was in charge of all military administration in Italy, next to the side of General of Administration Vietinghoff-Scheel. On May 5, 1945, all of the Nazi German forces in Italy were surrendered. British Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander and American Lieutenant General W. D. Morgan accepted the surrender of German forces. Italy was now free of all Nazi German Wehrmacht forces.

The allies had wondered why Wolff had taken so long to finally surrender, as the negotiations began in February of 1945. The allies didn’t know that Wolff and Vietinghoff-Scheel were planning one of the biggest mass evacuation of troops in world history. These Generals prepared to surrender some of the German forces that were used up and tired out, but fresh German troops were sent back into Germany. The tired, battle scarred German troops were sent to POW camps in England, there they were treated for injuries and were provided with all human necessities.

Allen Dulles and other allied leaders were located in lower Switzerland at Zurich, this meant that the German forces that were allowed to escape had to move at an extraordinary pace up through western Austria, and not Switzerland. This was an extremely difficult task to complete as both the Russians and Americans were advancing at rapid speeds into the Fatherland.

The evacuation was a success, nearly 25,000 German troops escaped either surrender or the complete annihilation at the hand of the allies. These two brilliant German Generals masterminded this retreat. Performed in April of 1945, this is said to be the most perfectly executed evacuation ever performed by the German hand in world history.

In the spring of 1945 the allies wanted to move up the mainland of Italy on the offensive. The 8th army under control of General McCreery would attack Vietinghoff-Scheel Army Group C this would allow the allies to take out Comacchio and then move across two key rivers, the Santerno and Senio. These two rivers had previously been flooded by the Germans who left the American infantry bogged down in mud.

A massive attack of allied forces would strike and take the Po River before the German’s could retreat across the river to safety. This plan was to be launched by General Lucien Truscott and the 5th US army. Instead of being captured along with his troops, Vietinghoff-Scheel left all of his big equipment behind and quickly moved across the river, just missing the allied forces.

This failure cost the Americans a great deal of time, and trouble, allowing the Germans to escape on April 1, 1945. The last attempt to take the German army of Army Group C was also ineffective on April 9, 1945 as the Germans were retreating nearly twice as fast as expected. The Germans were already in the Swiss Alps by the time the amphibious landing took place. The end of Nazi-infested Italy was near, but there were still German soldiers to fight and lengthen the war.

Were there deals made between the allies and axis powers that assured Nazi leaders of peaceful life after the war?

There were many uses after the war for many Nazi criminals. SS Obergruppenführer Wolff was one of the highest-ranking SS officers to survive the war, and he helped with the pre-planned war against the Soviet Union. Many other German officers were used during the cold war. Placed in the CIA, these men provided valuable tactics and information. German scientists also were used immediately after the war for help in building more atomic bombs. In return the United States let some of these men live a somewhat normal life in places such as South America.

During February 1945 through May 1945 several SS leaders seeking refuge in Italy escaped under Nazi ratlines. These ratlines provided certain Nazi leaders with a safe way to evacuate Europe without suspicion. The Central Intelligence Division during and after WWII knew about these ratlines. This unspoken agreement was to ensure the Americans an allegiance between Gestapo agents and SS members. The American Government had a desire to form an allegiance with Nazi leaders in an effort against communism.

Tens of thousands of SS and other Nazis escaped through these ratlines in fear of capture. Some of these leaders included Wolff's personal friends, such as:



Adolf Eichmann, architect of the Holocaust, captured later by Israeli agents.



Gustav Wagner, who ran the Sobibor death camp.



Franz Stangl, the commander of the Treblinka concentration camp.




Dr. Joseph Mengele, known as the "Angel of Death" in some post works (Mengele was a war criminal wanted for his cruel and inhumane experiments on inmates at Auschwitz, Mengele also escaped after the war to Argentina and lived a long life.)



SS Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff stood alone and gained promises of immunity from the allies while and war crimes. Wolff was also able to delay the American advance, while not signing the surrender of Italy until the time of Hitler's death. Wolff was considered a Nazi peace negotiator for his demanding job of saving the Vatican and pope from Hitler, along with the industrial bases of Italy located near Milan.
Instead of being tried himself, Wolff ended up as a witness at the Nuremberg trials for his later peaceful actions. Wolff was also the reason that other war criminals among his close circle were shipped to North Africa and quietly released. The Americans agreed to this when Wolff convinced the German high command to hand Austria and some other territories over to the western allies instead of the Communist Soviet Union. When the time for the war crime trials came in early 1946, Wolff was allowed to appear as a witness and was allowed to wear his badges of rank - epaulettes. Herman Goring, the Prussian Luftwaffe grand commander, wasn’t even allowed to have any of his personal items, nor his uniform.


Wolff played a key witness in post war trials against several Nazi war criminals. Nearly all of the criminals that were tried in Nuremberg were granted prison sentences, although a select few were executed by hanging. There he continued with several trials in the German courts, for his efforts as appearing as a witness, his own war crime sentences were to be less severe. Wolff was tried by a German court and sentenced to 4 years in labor camp; he was released in August of 1949. During these four years, Wolff was held at an allied internment camp. Wolff went on to live outside of Munich with his wife and two daughters.

In May of 1961, Wolff gave a German magazine an essay written by himself

about the Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler. This drew attention to Wolff in May 1961,

(during the Eichmann trial). As a result to this, Wolff was arrested in 1962. He was

sentenced in 1964 to 15 years’ imprisonment for the direct deportation of 300,000

Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto to Treblinka, the deportation of Italian Jews to

Auschwitz, and the massacre of Italian Partisans in Belarus. During this sentence,

Wolff lost 10 years of his civil rights but eventually he was granted all civil privileges in

1971 when he was released early from prison. He was released early for having an

otherwise blameless.


The Nazis had made it very easy for the allies to decrypt certain messages sent about the Holocaust. The Germans wanted the allies to know certain things when the end of the war was approaching; these messages could be used to eventually protect Germany. SS General Wolff provided documents showed proof that the allies knew about the Holocaust in Italy and failed to do anything about it.

This brought about the debate on how much the allies really did know about the Holocaust throughout WWII, and if they could have saved millions of Jewish lives. In 1943 British intelligence broke the German ENIGMA machine, for two years they were listening in on every German transmitted telegram.



"Germany developed the ENIGMA machine as a means of guaranteeing the security of their communications in the field. To help decipher German ENIGMA communications, British cryptanalysts developed the "bombe," an analog computer capable of rapidly running thousands of possible combinations. British success in decrypting German communications overshadowed German successes in 1943."
"While historians have known that British cryptographers succeeded in breaking the SS security service code in the summer of 1943, the content of messages dealing with deportation of Italian Jews was previously classified. An OSS officer stationed at Bletchley Park, the British code-breaking headquarters, had access to the messages as soon as they were deciphered and transmitted them back to Washington. The newly released documents show that Kolbe provided Dulles with corroborating information about the liquidation of Italian Jews at the end of 1943."


There have been several notions raised when reading the newly released OSS documents, which were previously kept top secret by the CIA, released in 2000. One of the main questions is why the allies did not further prosecute SS general Karl Wolff. The SS General had played a key role in the deportation of 300,000 Jews throughout the war. There was extensive documentation provided against the Americans during these arguments, as the Americans had proof of German atrocities:

Telegram from SS Obergruppenführer and General of the Waffen-SS Karl Wolff to Dr. Albert Ganzenmüller, Undersecretary in the Reich Ministry of Transportation and Deputy General Director of the German Railways:



"Since July 22, a train carrying 5,000 Jews has been leaving daily from Warsaw to Treblinka via Malkinia, and in addition, two times a week, a train with 5,000 Jews from Przemysl to Belzec.” (November 1943)


Dr. Albert Ganzenmüller, to SS Lieutenant General Karl Wolff:


"I sincerely thank you for your letter, I was especially pleased to receive the information that for the last 14 days a train has been leaving daily for Treblinka with 5,000 members of the chosen people, and that in this way we are in a position to carry out this population movement at an accelerated tempo. I myself have made contact with the offices involved, so that smooth accomplishment of the entire measure appears to be guaranteed." (December 28, 1943)


"This raises some very difficult moral questions," stated by Elizabeth Holtzman, a former U.S. congresswoman and one of the authors of the war crimes declassification law. "Was this the beginning of an effort to protect Nazi war criminals after the war?"



Here are some interesting facts:



1.) SS Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff was known as the chocolate soldier as some officers (particularly Waffen-SS) considered that he always had the soft option posting.

2.) Wolff was also considered by some to have been a bit of a lackey to Himmler, just as Keitel was to Hitler.

3.) Wolff was very cautious about saying the wrong thing. He had a wealth of information about Himmler and the SS, which he took to his grave in Chiemsee where he also lived.

4.) His first wife, Frieda, lived in Rottach-Eggern on the Tegernsee and was still there just after the war. At first, she refused to agree to a divorce and wrote to Himmler pleading for his support. Himmler agreed and did not relent until a few years later.

5.) The only good publication in existence depicts Wolff and his military career at the present time is in German: "Der Adjutant" by Jochen von Lang, 1985. This is a very good study of Wolff and contains many photos never seen before.

Personally, I know the man with his full uniform and most of his medals. There is a German cross in silver with these items, but not one in gold. I can provide photos of these items as well. Would it not make more sense for Wolff to have the DK in silver? I personally think this sounds more like his career, even though he was commander of military forces in Italy. Another point I would like to make is that he was not awarded the RK, and I have never heard or seen otherwise. Thanks for your time.



deze site herhaalt de bovenstaande versie en komt trouwens van de zelfde bron maar hier vinden we ook een psychiatrisch rapport van Wolff dat natuurlijk op verschillende manieren kan worden geïnterpreteerd;m Het dateert van 7mei 1946 en beweert dat deze jongen zich als de toekomstige leider van Duitsland ziet wat niet zo gek lijkt als de bovenstaande feiten juist zijn. Hij kan dan inderdaad zulke dingen gedacht hebben of het kwam de Amerikanen net goed uit hem volledig kierewiet te verklaren...


In de archieven van het Nurembergproces staat hij in elk geval hoog genoteerd : http://nuremberg.law.harvard.edu/php/docs_swi.php?DI=1&text=who_was_who



SS (Schutzstaffel of the NSDAP and Reich police and security services)

  • Fuehrer of the SS: Adolf Hitler
  • Reichsfuehrer-SS: Heinrich Himmler (also Chief of Police in the Interior Ministry)
    • Chief of staff: Karl Wolff



en als we deze nogal onwelriekende website die naziparafernalia aan de man tracht te brengen mogen geloven dan was onze Wolff (met twee FF'en en niet zoals hiert vermeld met één enkele F een eminent lid van de 'inner circle" van de SS ...en lees dus ook maar aandachtig wie de financiers waren van deze vrolijke bende SS'ers!

http://www.germaniainternational.com/ss25.html


DESCRIPTION: This is certainly the scarcest ring that has ever surfaced and probably the most prestigious. The organization that these rings represented was the very group that made it possible for the SS to become as huge and prominent as it did. The major industrial groupings in Germany paid close attention to the political events and stirrings in Germany with an eye to which group would be best suited to stabilize the nation in the aftermath of the World War and the attempt at revolution by the reds. The NSDAP and especially the SS organization looked like they were the only action groups that could and would achieve the objectives that these giants of industry desired. The Nazis with ‘socialist’ in its title was construed as actual antisocialist in at least opposing the leftist socialists and thus was the vehicle chosen to realize the aims of big business. The liaison man for the heavy industry and junker landowners was Wilhelm Keppler. He was the official representative for the industrialists and bankers. Himmler introduced Keppler to Adolf Hitler and the “circle” of business advisors whom Keppler founded for the Führer in May 1932 later became the Freundeskreis RFSS--Circle of Friends of the Reichsführer-SS, and they contributed huge sums annually to the SS. Members of the circle were officials of IG Farben, Deutsche Bank, Siemens, BMW, Daimler Benz, and the world’s largest building combine, Philip Holzmann. It is said that the Freundeskreis, along with the old army, were the hidden wire-pullers behind the Night of the Long Knives (the assassination of Ernst Rohme and his conspirators). Just after Rohme’s dramatic elimination by the SS, much larger sums of support money was forthcoming. At the end of the Reichsparteitag (party rally) in the autumn of 1934, just after the bloody resolution of the Rohme crisis, the members of the RFSS were invited to Nuremberg and put up at the Grand Hotel as guests of the Reichsführer. Himmler’s adjutant, Karl Wolf, played host as he did in succeeding years. Among those many bankers and industrialists present was von Halt of Deutsche Bank, Meyer of the Dresdener Bank, Reinhart of the Commerzbank, and Olscher of the Credit Bank. The list of heavy-industry participants is quite long: Bosch, Siemans, Lindsmann of Nord Deutscher Lloyd, Helfferich of the Hamburg-American Line, and numerous other household names from the giant conglomerates. The importance of the RFSS was profound? SS salaries were supplemented by the funds of the ‘Circle.’ Vehicles that were necessary such as cars, motorcycles, and even armored vehicles, offices, SS quarters, and very importantly the Order Castle at Wewelsburg were directly paid for out f the annual stipend to the Reichsführer. The very expensive programs of the Deutsche Ahnenerbe (Office of the Ancestral Hermitage) was supported, if not entirely funded, by the RFSS. The expeditions to search for or restore sites supposed to be old Germanic settlements or shrines burial grounds, etc, were extremely costly indeed even to the point of sending large teams of researchers to Tibet to trace the beginnings of the Indo-Germanic race. The ‘friends’ came through, however. The salary of the Reichsführer, and his estates, of course, had to be funded by the ‘Circle’ to include his villa called Lindenfycht at Gmund am Tegernsee. So it is evident that the formation of this benevolent group was the nucleus of the SS that couldn’t have survived without it. Now as to the ring: At the meetings at Nuremberg that we have mentioned special attention was given to these honored guests--the industrialists, bankers, shipping magnates, etc. Our late contact in Germany, the elderly jeweler (see About Our Rings that we bought so much jewelry from at Stuttgart told us just about in each case what the particular piece was used for and what group it was to be sent to. He told us that the particular ring was very special and that it was ordered in various quantities by Himmler’s adjutant, SS-Obergruppenführer Karl Wolf and he ordered these rings just before the annual Parteitag in Nuremberg. This was considered our man’s roughest order since this was not just a matter of putting the metal dies in operation, but also these rings had to be hand engraved as per order. This never gave him enough time to complete the orders, but he always managed to and later he made up several in advance to meet the needs of the SS. Here is the difference with this magnificent SS ring and the reason it is so rare. The rings were individually crafted and our jeweler had to call in a special engraver to finish each one separately. The design was typical of the art trends that were in vogue in the 1930s. The craftsmanship and savoir faire elegance portrayed in this simple yet refined design was eminently characteristic of the style of the German landed gentry and their penchant in artistic expression. But basically it was a fairly simple yet substantial piece of jewelry. Fact emerges that this was to be a special gift to the honored attendees at the RFSS Conference and presented by Wolf or at times, Himmler, himself. Thus, besides the honor ring of the SS, this piece becomes the only other ring that could be considered an issue ring and it came to be known as the RFSS ring. The question asked at this point is to be expected: Why would the SS leadership present such a rather humble piece of jewelry in silver rather than in gold? These rings were presented to men who could afford to have platinum rings with huge diamond insets. The answer: The Reichsführer-SS Himmler hated gold. He considered the metal to be “The leaven of the Jews!” Silver represented purity in the Nordic and Aryan sense and their was even a directive to the extent that except for family wedding rings, SS men were prohibited from wearing gold jewelry. This went for their wives, as well. Himmler was adamant in this and the directive was picked up by other party functionaries as well, and you will seldom see a ring in gold in any of the German services. The exception is the Luftwaffe because Reichsmarschal Göring loved this precious metal and was not intimidated by Himmler’s order. So, in fact, these rings became the official gift to the members of the Freundeskreis and are today considered one of the most prodigiously sought-after relics of the Third Reich. Before successfully buying this collection we have only heard of two of these RFSS rings showing up in Europe in the 1960s and one 20 years ago in the U.S. The prices they brought were serious, even back then. We were bowled over when we were able to buy these and to actually meet the designer, himself. The rings are in genuine heavy silver and are rather large in design. The rings are marked inside the shank '835.' This stands for the silver content . The SS in the center is surrounded by deep, fine, black enamel. The top, which is the size of an elongated dime, is separately affixed. The rings are in practically mint condition having never been worn. They were what he had in the bench bins at the end of the war. He was extremely proud of these and although we paid a pretty standardized price for most of the other great items, we had to pay a premium for these particular rings. They are in a word special and we are markedly proud to offer this, this magnificent ring of the RFSS.

PRICE: $735.00




Het ganse verhaal van Karl Wolff is eveneens terug te vinden in deze studie:


http://hgs.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/22/1/74

onder de veelzeggende titel:

Conspiracy of Silence: How the "Old Boys" of American Intelligence Shielded SS General Karl Wolff from Prosecution1



en die zelfde Wolff zette nog iedereen een neus toen hij de valse dagboeken van Hitler een echtheidstempel meegaf...een echt crapuul dus tot de laatste snik...

21-12-2009 om 23:52 geschreven door Vorser-Raadgever  

0 1 2 3 4 5 - Gemiddelde waardering: 0/5 - (0 Stemmen)
Categorie:Een uitgesproken "Grr#!!♪♫@||#♫♪☻"-Kitokojungle-Opinie !!



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